Social Indicators Research

, Volume 98, Issue 2, pp 337–362 | Cite as

Gender Segregation in the Spanish Labor Market: An Alternative Approach

Article

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to study occupational segregation by gender in Spain, which is a country where occupational segregation explains a large part of the gender wage gap. As opposed to previous studies, this paper measures not only overall segregation, but also the segregation of several population subgroups. For this purpose, this paper uses new measures recently proposed by Alonso-Villar and Del Río ( Local versus overall segregation measures, Documento de Traballo 0802, Departamento de Economía Aplicada, Universidade de Vigo, 2008). Moreover, two decompositions of their local segregation curves are proposed, which allows us to go further in the empirical analysis.

Keywords

Occupational segregation Local segregation curves Gender 

References

  1. Alonso-Villar, O. (2009). Measuring geographic concentration: Lorenz curves and their decompositions, Documento de Traballo 0902, Departamento de Economía Aplicada, Universidade de Vigo.Google Scholar
  2. Alonso-Villar, O., & Del Río, C. (2008). Local versus overall segregation measures, Documento de Traballo 0802, Departamento de Economía Aplicada, Universidade de Vigo.Google Scholar
  3. Anker, R. (1998). Gender and jobs: Sex segregation of occupations in the world. Geneva: International Labour Office.Google Scholar
  4. Bardasi, E., & Gornick, J. C. (2008). Working for less? Women’s part-time wage penalties across countries. Feminist Economics, 14(1), 37–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bishop, J. A., Chow, K. V., & Zeager, L. A. (2003). Decomposing Lorenz and concentration curves. International Economic Review, 44(3), 965–978.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Boisso, D., Hayes, K., Hirschberg, J., & Silber, J. (1994). Occupational segregation in the multidimensional case. Decomposition and tests of significance. Journal of Econometrics, 61, 161–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chakravarty, S. R., & Silber, J. (2007). A generalized index of employment segregation. Mathematical Social Sciences, 53, 185–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cover, T. M., & Thomas, Y. A. (1991). Elements of information theory. New York: Wiley Interscience.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Del Río, C., Gradín, C., & Cantó, O. (2008). Pobreza y discriminación salarial por razón de género en España. Hacienda Pública Española/Revista de Economía Pública, 184(1), 67–98.Google Scholar
  10. Duncan, O. D., & Duncan, B. (1955). A methodological analysis of segregation indexes. American Sociological Review, 20(2), 210–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. EUROSTAT (2007). Living conditions in Europe. Data 2002–2005.Google Scholar
  12. Flückiger, Y., & Silber, J. (1999). The Measurement of Segregation in the Labor Force, Physica-Verlag. Germany: Heidelberg.Google Scholar
  13. Foster, J. E., Greer, J., & Thorbecke, E. (1984). A class of decomposable poverty measures. Econometrica, 52(3), 761–766.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Frankel, D.M., & Volij, O. (2007). Measuring segregation, Working Paper 07009, Department of Economics, Iowa State University.Google Scholar
  15. Frankel, D. M., & Volij, O. (2008, September). Measuring school segregation, mimeo.Google Scholar
  16. Gradín, C., Del Río, C., & Cantó, O. (2010). Poverty and women’s labor market activity: The role of gender wage discrimination in the EU, Feminist Economics, (forthcoming).Google Scholar
  17. Hutchens, R. M. (1991). Segregation curves, Lorenz curves, and inequality in the distribution of people across occupations. Mathematical Social Sciences, 21, 31–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hutchens, R. M. (2004). One measure of segregation. International Economic Review, 45(2), 555–578.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. James, D. R., & Taeuber, K. E. (1985). Measures of segregation. Sociological Methodology, 15, 1–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Jenkins, S., Micklewright, J., & Schnepf, S. (2008). Social segregation in secondary schools: How does England compare with other countries. Oxford Review of Education, 34(1), 31–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Karmel, T., & MacLachlan, M. (1988). Occupational sex segregation—Increasing or decreasing? The Economic Record, 64, 187–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lewis, D. E. (1982). The measurement of the occupational and industrial segregation of women. The Journal of Industrial Relations, 24, 406–423.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Massey, D. D., & Denton, N. A. (1988). The dimensions of residential segregation. Social Forces, 67(2), 281–315.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Moir, H., & Selby Smith, J. (1979). Industrial segregation in the Australian labour market. Journal of Industrial Relations, 21, 281–291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mora, R., & Ruiz-Castillo, J. (2003). Additively decomposable segregation indexes. The case of gender segregation by occupations and human capital levels in Spain. Journal of Economic Inequality, 1, 147–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Mora, R., & Ruiz-Castillo, J. (2004). Gender segregation by occupations in the public and private sector. The case of Spain. Investigaciones Económicas, 27(3), 399–428.Google Scholar
  27. Mora, R., & Ruiz-Castillo, J. (2009). The invariance properties of the mutual information index of multigroup segregation. In Y. Flückiger, S. Reardon, & J. Silber (eds.), Research on Economic Inequality. New Frontiers in the Field of Segregation Measurement and Analysis, Jay Press, UK, (forthcoming).Google Scholar
  28. Otero, S., & Gradín, C. (2001). Segregación ocupacional en España, una perspectiva territorial. Hacienda Pública Española, 159–4, 163–190.Google Scholar
  29. Pagán, R. (2007). Diferencias salariales entre el empleo a tiempo completo y parcial. Revista de Economía Aplicada, 15(43), 5–47.Google Scholar
  30. Plasman, R., & Sissoko, S. (2004). Comparing apples with oranges: Revisiting the gender wage gap in an international perspective, IZA Discussion Paper 1449.Google Scholar
  31. Reardon, S. F., & Firebaugh, G. (2002). Measures of multigroup segregation. Sociological Methodology, 32, 33–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Reardon, S. F., & O’Sullivan, D. (2004). Measures of spatial segregation. Sociological Methodology, 34, 121–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Silber, J. (1989). On the measurement of employment segregation. Economics Letters, 30, 237–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Silber, J. (1992). Occupational segregation indices in the multidimensional case: A note. The Economic Record, 68, 276–277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Economía AplicadaUniversidade de VigoVigoSpain

Personalised recommendations