Social Indicators Research

, Volume 95, Issue 3, pp 407–419 | Cite as

Personal and Family Correlates of Suicidal Ideation Among Chinese Adolescents in Hong Kong

  • Sylvia Y. C. Lai Kwok
  • Daniel T. L. Shek


Based on the family ecological model, personal (hopelessness, social problem solving, emotional competence) and family (parent-adolescent communication, family functioning) quality of life measures related to adolescent suicidal ideation were examined in 5,557 Secondary 1 to Secondary 4 students in Hong Kong. Results showed that suicidal ideation was positively related to adolescent hopelessness but negatively related to emotional competence, social problem solving, father–adolescent communication, mother–adolescent communication and family functioning. Multiple regression analyses showed that hopelessness was the most important predictor of adolescent suicidal ideation, followed by mother–adolescent communication, family functioning, social problem solving, father–adolescent communication, and emotional competence. Path analyses with and without direct effects showed that hopelessness mediated the effect of personal and family correlates on adolescent suicidal ideation. Theoretical and practice implications of the findings are discussed.


Suicidal ideation  Hopelessness Social problem solving Emotional competence Family functioning Parent-adolescent communication 



The preparation for this paper was financially supported by Wofoo Foundation Limited.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied Social StudiesCity University of Hong KongHong KongChina
  2. 2.Department of Applied Social SciencesThe Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityHong KongChina

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