The Influence of Health Promoting Practices on the Quality of Life of Community Adults in Hong Kong
- 368 Downloads
The importance of a healthy lifestyle is receiving increasing attention due to its impact on health and well-being. However, very few studies have been done on health promoting practices of the general public in Hong Kong. The present study aimed to identify the patterns of health promoting practices of the general public in Hong Kong, to compare health promoting practices across gender and education levels, and to examine the relationship between health promoting practices and quality of life. A total of 941 community adults were recruited using a randomized household survey design. Results revealed that a large proportion of participants reported practicing various types of health promoting behavior related to healthy food choice, engaging in stress management strategies, and refraining from health compromising behavior such as smoking and drinking excessively. Female participants were more likely to choose healthy food, refrain from smoking and drinking alcohol excessively, and take vitamin supplements, whereas male participants were more likely to exercise regularly. Both men and women with higher levels of education were more likely to report not smoking, not drinking alcohol excessively, and participating in social activities. Women with higher levels of education were also more likely to engage in relaxing activities but less likely to report exercising regularly and sleeping sufficiently. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that stress management and social relations significantly predicted better quality of life for both male and female participants, and types of preventive health behavior were significant predictors of quality of life for female participants only. Results highlighted the importance of advocating health promoting practices among the general public in Hong Kong. Implications for future practice were discussed.
KeywordsHealth promoting practice Health practice Quality of life Hong Kong
- Burckhardt, C. S., & Anderson, K. L. (2003). The Quality of Life Scale (QOLS): Reliability, validity, and utilization. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 1(60). doi: 10.1186/1477-7525-1-60.
- Burckhardt, C. S., Anderson, K. L., Archenholtz, B., & Hagg, O. (2003). The Flanagan quality of life scale: Evidence of construct validity. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 1(59). doi: 10.1186/1477-7525-1-59.
- Burl, V. L., Whelton, P., Roccella, E. J., Brown, C., Cutler, J. A., Higgins, M., et al. (1995). Prevalence of hypertension in the US adult population: Results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988–1991. Hypertension, 25(3), 305–313.Google Scholar
- Dornelas, E. A. (2008). Risk factors and perceptions of risk for cardiovascular disease. In Psychotherapy with cardiac patients: Behavioral cardiology in practice (pp. 29–38). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
- Flanagan, J. C. (1982). Measurement of quality of life: Current state of the art. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.Google Scholar
- Hong Kong Census and Statistics Department. (2005). Hong Kong Statistics. Available from: http://www.censtatd.gov.hk/hong_kong_statistics/statistical_tables/index.jsp?charsetID=1&subjectID=1&tableID=002.
- Hu, F. B., Rimm, E. B., Stampfer, M. J., Ascherio, A., Spiegelman, D., Willett, W. C., et al. (2000). Prospective study of major dietary patterns and risk of coronary heart disease in men. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 72(4), 912–921.Google Scholar
- Lo, W. H. (1976). Urbanization and psychiatric disorders—the Hong Kong scene. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 54, 174–183.Google Scholar
- Mustalahti, K., Lohiniemi, S., Collin, P., Vuolteenaho, N., Laippala, P., & Maki, M. (2002). Gluten-free diet and quality of life in patients with screen-detected celiac disease. Effective Clinical Practice, 5(3), 105–113.Google Scholar
- Schnohr, C., Hojbjerre, L., Riegels, M., Ledet, L., Larsen, T., Schultz-Larsen, K., et al. (2004). Does educational level influence the effects of smoking, alcohol, physical activity, and obesity on mortality? A prospective population study. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 32(4), 250–256.Google Scholar
- Tsutsumi, T. (1997). The effects of strength training on mood, self-efficacy, cardiovascular reactivity and quality of life in older adults. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.Google Scholar
- Vickers, R. R., Conway, T. L., & Hervig, L. (1990). Demonstration of replicable dimensions of health behavior. Preventive Medicine, 19, 377–401.Google Scholar
- Walker, S. N., Sechrist, K. R., & Pender, N. J. (1987). The health-promoting lifestyle profile: Development and psychometric characteristics. Nursing Research, 36, 76–81.Google Scholar
- World Health Organization. (2002). The world health report 2002. Reducing risks, promoting healthy life. Geneva: WHO.Google Scholar