Social Indicators Research

, Volume 94, Issue 2, pp 213–226 | Cite as

A Perception Survey for the Evaluation of Urban Quality of Life in Kocaeli and a Comparison of the Life Satisfaction with the European Cities

  • Nihal SenlierEmail author
  • Reyhan Yildiz
  • E. Diğdem Aktaş


Studies on urban quality of life (QoL) have been attracting lots of attention from various countries due to the deterioration of urban environment and decrease of the urban QoL. These studies that have been supported by international organizations such as United Nations, World Bank, OECD, European Commission and EUROSTAT (European Statistics) involve comparative assessment of life satisfaction in the European cities and comparing cities facilitate the exchange of experiment and improve the quality of local policies. The main objective of this study is to measure the local perceptions of QoL in Kocaeli, which is one of the important industrial cities of Turkey and compare the life satisfaction with the European cities. Generally, two different types of indicators have been used: objective and subjective indicators. The objective indicators cover five fields: socio-economic aspects, participation in civic life, education and training, environment and culture, and leisure. The subjective indicators are mainly for valuation of QoL perceptions in a city. In this research, a perception survey will be carried out to measure the local perceptions of QoL in Kocaeli. This survey will present on issues for which the residents in the Kocaeli had widely diverging opinions: employment opportunities, housing costs, safety, cleanliness of city, public transport, air quality and overall satisfaction with the QoL of their city. Thus, the study will become a major reference for local officials to improve QoL in Kocaeli and contribute to researches on QoL in cities.


Urban quality of life Objective indicators Subjective indicators Perception survey European cities Kocaeli 



Gebze Institute of Technology Research Fund is gratefully acknowledged for supporting this study (Project number: GIT 2006-A-18).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nihal Senlier
    • 1
    Email author
  • Reyhan Yildiz
    • 1
  • E. Diğdem Aktaş
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of City and Regional Planning, Faculty of ArchitectureGebze Institute of TechnologyGebze, KocaeliTurkey

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