Social Indicators Research

, Volume 89, Issue 2, pp 361–373 | Cite as

Gratitude and Adolescent Athletes’ Well-Being

  • Lung Hung Chen
  • Ying Hwa KeeEmail author


Two cross-sectional studies were conducted to examine the relationships between gratitude and athletes’ well-being. Study 1 examines the relationship between dispositional gratitude and well-being, while Study 2 investigates the relationship between sport-domain gratitude and well-being. In Study 1, 169 Taiwanese senior high school athletes (M = 16.43, SD = 0.7 years) were administered the Gratitude Questionnaire (GQ; McCullough et al. 2002, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82(1), 112–127), Team Satisfaction Scale (Walling et al. 1993, Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 15, 172–183), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS; Diener et al. 1985, Journal of Personality Assessment, 49, 71–75), and the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ; Raedeke and Smith, 2001, Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 23(4), 281–306). In Study 2, a separate sample of 265 adolescent athletes (M = 16.47 years, SD = 0.7) were administered the modified Sport-domain GQ, Team Satisfaction Scale, and ABQ. Study 1 results showed that dispositional gratitude positively predicts team satisfaction and life satisfaction, and negatively predicts athlete burnout. Findings from Study 2 revealed that sport-domain gratitude positively predicts team satisfaction and negatively predicts athlete burnout. A stronger gratitude and well-being relationship was observed in Study 2. This research provides the initial verification that gratitude and adolescent athletes’ well-being are related. Possible mechanism of this relation, limitations, and practical implications are discussed.


Thankful Gratefulness Stress Satisfaction Happiness Positive psychology 



We thank Shih-Yi Chang and Chih-Ching Chu for their kind assistance during the data collection process. We also thank Robert Emmons for permiting us to translate the GQ-6 into Chinese, and Yi-Chen Lee for her help in developing the Sport-domain Gratitude Questionnaire. The second author, Ying Hwa Kee, is grateful to the Taiwan Government for the Taiwan Scholarship awarded to him in support of his doctoral education.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate Institute of Physical EducationNational Taiwan Sport UniversityKueishanTaiwan, Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Physical EducationNational Taiwan Normal UniversityTaipeiTaiwan, Republic of China

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