Social Indicators Research

, Volume 88, Issue 1, pp 115–130 | Cite as

From Casual Work to Economic Security; The Paradoxical Case of Self-Employment



The term “casual work” is not well defined in the literature and can include a diversity of types of employment. In this paper, we first present an introduction and definition of concepts related to job security and economic insecurity. Second, a view on the main labour market transformations, their causes and impacts, with more accent on self-employment. We will then reflect on policy issues and on how social policies can impact on job security, and this is where we will introduce the new Québec parental leave regime, which is a welcome effort to alleviate insecurity and economic difficulty for self-employed parents, taking gender into account. We will conclude by considerations on the importance of economic security and the policies which could support this, in a context where many stress the fact that “boundaryless” or “nomadic” careers are the way of the future and that workers should simply adapt to this new context.


Job security Insecurity Self-employment Parental leave Work-life balance Work 


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Télé-université, UQAMMontréalCanada

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