Economic Insecurity and Global Casualisation: Threat or Promise?
- 1.2k Downloads
Casualisation has both negative and positive sides, for both workers and employers. This article considers how the positive sides could be developed while allowing casual work to continue to grow. In reviewing the advantages and disadvantages of casual labour for employers, the paper depicts casualisation (and the related process of ‘informalisation’) as usually involving seven forms of economic insecurity for the worker. The modern casualisation that is taking place as part of globalisation involves a steady restructuring of social income and labour recommodification, in which many workers are finding that an increasing share of their remuneration is coming from money wages, which are a relatively insecure part of their social income. As a result, there is a need to find new ways of providing income security that could allow workers to accept the more casual work arrangements without excessive anxiety and alienation. The article is, essentially, an argument for a re-assertion of a common sense of social solidarity, in which casual work can be a normal part of a flexible labour and work system.
KeywordsLabour markets Casualisation Economic insecurity Globalisation Flexibility
- Campbell, I., & Brosnam, P. (2005). Relative advantages: Casual employment and casualisation in Australia and New Zealand. Paper presented at workshop on globalization and industrial relations reform in Australia and New Zealand, Sydney, February.Google Scholar
- ILO. (2004). Economic security for a better World. Geneva: ILO.Google Scholar
- Smith, M., & Ewer, P. (1999). Choice and coercion: Women’s experiences of casual work. Sydney: Evatt Foundation.Google Scholar
- Sol, E., & Westerveld, M. (Eds.). (2005) Contractualisation in employment services: A new form of welfare state governance. Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam, Kluwer Law International.Google Scholar
- Standing, G. (2002). Beyond the new paternalism: Basic security as equality. London: Verso.Google Scholar
- Standing, G. (2005). About time: Basic income security as a right. In G. Standing (Ed.), Promoting income security as a right: Europe and North America. London: Anthem Press.Google Scholar
- Standing, G. (2007). Labour re-commodification in the new transformation. In A. Bugra (Ed.), Re-reading Polanyi in the 21st century. Harmondsworth: Palgrave-Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Whatman, R., Harvey, O., & Hill, R. (1999). The effects of employment regulation: Case study research in the accommodation, winemaking and brewing industries. Wellington, New Zealand, Department of Labour, Occasional Paper.Google Scholar