Social Indicators Research

, Volume 85, Issue 2, pp 243–256 | Cite as

Critical factors for improving social sustainability of urban renewal projects

  • Edwin Chan
  • Grace K. L. LeeEmail author


This study reviews the sustainable urban design concept and identifies critical factors for enhancing social sustainability of urban renewal projects. Through a questionnaire survey carried out in Hong Kong, the opinions of architects, planners, property development managers, and local citizens were sought and evaluated. The results derived from factor analysis indicated that certain design features should be incorporated for achieving social sustainability. “Satisfaction of Welfare Requirements”, “Conservation of Resources & the Surroundings”, “Creation of Harmonious Living Environment”, “Provisions Facilitating Daily Life Operations”, “Form of Development” and “Availability of Open Spaces” were believed to be the significant underlying factors for enhancing social sustainability of local urban renewal projects.


Urban renewal Sustainable urban design Social sustainability Factor analysis Hong Kong 



This study is supported by research grant provided by the Hong Kong Polytechnic University


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Building and Real EstateThe Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityHunghomHong Kong

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