Advertisement

Social Indicators Research

, Volume 76, Issue 3, pp 343–466 | Cite as

The Qualityity-of-Life (QOL) Research Movement: Past, Present, and Future

  • M. Joseph SirgyEmail author
  • Alex C. Michalos
  • Abbott L. Ferriss
  • Richard A. Easterlin
  • Donald Patrick
  • William Pavot
Article

Abstract.

The purpose of this paper is to trace the history of the social indicators or quality-of-life (QOL) research movement up to today, forecast future developments, and pave the way for future growth. Broadly speaking, we tried to review historical antecedents from the point of view of different disciplines, with specialists in each discipline preparing the basic text and co-authors helping to polish the material into a finished product. Briefly, we begin with an overview of the conceptual and philosophical foundations of our field of research. That is followed by a historical overview of the sociological roots of our field. In the third section, the main contributions from the discipline of economics are reviewed. Following that, the fourth section covers a historical overview of the literature on health-related quality of life is provided. Next, the history of QOL research from a marketing perspective is reviewed followed by a history from the perspectives of industrial/organizational psychology and management. Finally, we offer some forecasts for future QOL studies that are intended not only to predict what might happen, but to encourage, stimulate and motivate researchers to undertake new initiatives.

Keywords

Life Satisfaction Social Indicator American Market Association Social Indicator Research Social Report 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aborn M. (1983), ‘Recollections and views of key figures in the social indicators program’, Items 37/4 (December).Google Scholar
  2. Ackoff, R.L. 1994The Democratic Organization: A Radical Prescription for Recreating Corporate America and Rediscovering SuccessOxford University PressNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Albrecht, G. and R. Fitzpatrick: 1994, Quality of Life in Health Care, volume V of Advances in Medical Sociology.Google Scholar
  4. American Demographics: 2002, ‘Futurespeak: Science’s potential to create new markets’, American Demographics, May, p. 49.Google Scholar
  5. Andorka, R., Harcsa, I. 1990‘Modernization in Hungary in the long and short run measured by social indicators’Social Indicators Research231153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Andrews, F.M. 1984‘Construct validity and error components of survey measures: A structural modeling approach’Public Opinion Quarterly48409442CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Andrews, F.M. 1989‘The evolution of a movement’Journal of Public Policy9401405Google Scholar
  8. Andrews, F.M., Withey, S.B. 1976Social Indicators of Well-being: America’s Perception of Quality of LifePlenumNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. Argyle M., M. Martin and L. Lu: (1995), ‘Testing for stress and happiness: The role of social and cognitive factors’, in C.D. Spielberger and I.G. Sarason (eds.), Stress and Emotion, Vol. 15, (Washington, D. C., Taylor and Francis), pp. 173–187.Google Scholar
  10. Argyris, C. 1957Personal and OrganizationHarper and RowNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  11. Aristotle (circa 335–323 B.C.): Ethics. Thomason J.A.K., trans. (Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, England, 1976).Google Scholar
  12. Bagozzi, R.P. 1978‘Salesforce performance and satisfaction as a function of individual differences: interpersonal and situational factors’Journal of Marketing Research15517531CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Bagozzi, R.P. 1980a‘Performance and satisfaction in an industrial salesforce: An examination of their antecedents and similar’Journal of Marketing446577CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Bagozzi, R.P. 1980b‘Salespeople and their managers: an exploratory study of some similarities and differences’Sloan Management Review211525Google Scholar
  15. Bagozzi, R.P. 1980c‘The nature and causes of self-esteem, performance, and satisfaction in the sales force: a structural equation approach’Journal of Business53315331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Bauer, R.A. 1966Social IndicatorsThe MIT PressCambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  17. Bell, D. 1969‘The idea of a social report’The Public Interest157284Google Scholar
  18. Bennett, M.K. 1937‘On measurement of relative national standards of living’Quarterly Journal of Economics51317335CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Bennett M.K. (1951), ‘International disparities in consumption levels’, American Economic Review XLI, pp. 632–649.Google Scholar
  20. Bentham J. (1789), ‘An Introduction to The Principles of Morals and Legislation (London).Google Scholar
  21. Bernstein D.A., L.A. Penner A. Clarke-Stewart and E. Roy: (2003), Psychology, 6th Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin).Google Scholar
  22. Biderman, A.D. 1974‘Social Indicators—whence and whither’Clewett, R.L.Olson, J.C. eds. Social Indicators and Marketing’American Marketing AssociationChicago2744Google Scholar
  23. Black, D. 1958The Theory of Committees and ElectionsCambridge University PressCambridgeGoogle Scholar
  24. Blake, R.R., Mouton, J.S. 1964The Managerial GridGulfHouston, TXGoogle Scholar
  25. Blake, R.R., Mounton, J.S. 1969Building a Dynamic Corporation through Grid Organizational DevelopmentAddison-WesleyReading, MassGoogle Scholar
  26. Bradburn, N.M. 1969The Structure of Psychological Well-beingAldineChicagoGoogle Scholar
  27. Brickman, P., Campbell, D.T. 1971‘Hedonic relativism and planning the good society’Appley, M.H. eds. Adaptation-level theoryAcademic PressNew York287305Google Scholar
  28. Breiger, R.L. 1995‘Social structure and phenomenology of attainment’Annual Review of Sociology21115136Google Scholar
  29. Buchanan, J.M., Tullock, G. 1962The Calculus of ConsentUniversity of Michigan PressAnn ArborGoogle Scholar
  30. Campbell, A.C., Converse, P.E., Rodgers, W.L. 1976The Quality of American LifeThe Russell Sage FoundationNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  31. Caplow, T., Bahr, H.M., Modell, J., Chadwick, B.A. 1991Recent Social Trends in The United States, 1960–1990McGill-Queen’s University PressMontreal & KingstonGoogle Scholar
  32. Carnap, R. 1950Logical Foundations of ProbabilUniversity of Chicago PressChicagoGoogle Scholar
  33. Carter, C.G., D.G. Pounder, F.G. Lawrence and P.J. Wozniak: (1990), ‘Factors related to organizational turnover intentions of Louisiana Extension Service Agents’, in H.L. Meadow and M. Joseph Sirgy (eds.), Quality-of-life Studies in Marketing and Management (International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies, Blacksburg, Virginia), pp. 170–181.Google Scholar
  34. Champoux, J.E. (1976), Work and Nonwork: A Review of Theory and Research (Tech Rep.) (The Roberto O. Anderson Graduate School of Business and Administrative Sciences, Albuquerque, The University of New Mexico).Google Scholar
  35. Chapin, F.S. 1922The Measurement of Social Status by The Use of The Social Status scale 1933The University of Minnesota PressMinneapolisGoogle Scholar
  36. Chon K. (1999), ‘Special issue: Travel/tourism and quality of life’, Journal of Business Research.Google Scholar
  37. Clewett, R.L.Olson, J.C. eds. 1974Social Indicators and MarketingAmerican Marketing AssociationChicagoGoogle Scholar
  38. Costa, P.T.,Jr., McCrae, R.R. 1980‘Influence of extraversion and neuroticism on subjective well-being: Happy and unhappy people’Journal of Personal and Social Psychology38668678CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Cote, S. 1999‘Affect and performance in organizational settings’Current Directions in Psychological Science86568CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Cottam, H.R. (1941), Methods of Measuring Level of Living, Social Participation and Adjustment of Ohio Farm People. Methodological Supplement to the Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin No. 624, Columbus, Ohio: Ohio State University and Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station, July (Mineo).Google Scholar
  41. Cottam, H.R., Mangus, A.R. 1942‘Standard of living: an empirical test of a definition’Rural Sociology7395403Google Scholar
  42. Cramer, J.A., Spilker, B. 1998Quality of Life and PharmacoeconomicsLippincott-Raven PublishersPhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  43. Csikszentmihalyi, M., Larsen, R.E. 1987Journal of Nervous and Mental Disorders175526Google Scholar
  44. Cummings, T.G., Worley, C.G. 2001Essentials of Organization Development & ChangeSouth-Western College PublishingU.S.A.Google Scholar
  45. DeNeve, K.M., Cooper, H. 1998‘The happy personal: A meta-analysis of 137 personal traits and subjective well-being’Psychological Bulletin124197229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Darrow, R.M. 1974‘Corporate social responsibility and social indicators’Clewett, R.L.Olson, J.C. eds. Social indicators and marketingAmerican Marketing AssociationChicago8992Google Scholar
  47. den Hartogh, G. eds. 2000The Good Life as a Public GoodKluwer Academic PublishersDordrechtGoogle Scholar
  48. den Hartogh G. (2000)a, ‘Introduction’, in G. den Hartogh (ed.), The Good Life as a public good, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp. 1–28. Depew D.J. (ed.): The Greeks and The Good Life. Hackett Pub., Indianapolis.Google Scholar
  49. Dewey, J. 1939Theory of ValuationUniversity of Chicago PressChicagoGoogle Scholar
  50. Dewey, J. 1958Philosophy of EducationLittlefieldAdams and Co.Google Scholar
  51. Diener, E. 1984‘Subjective well-being’Psychological Bulletin95542575CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Diener, E. 2000‘Subjective well-being: The science of happiness and a proposal for a national index’American Psychologist553443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Diener, E., Diener, M. 1995‘Cross-cultural correlates of life satisfaction and self-esteem’Journal of Personal and Social Psychology68653663CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Diener, E., Emmons, R.A. 1984‘The independence of positive and negative affect’Journal of Personal and Social Psychology4711051117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Diener, E., Emmons, R.A., Larsen, R.J., Griffin, S. 1985‘The Satisfaction with life scale’Journal of Personal Assessment497175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Diener E. and Fujita F. (1997), ‘Social comparisons and subjective well-being’. In: Buunk B., Gibbons R. (eds), Health, Coping, and Social Comparison. Mahwah, NJ ErlbaumGoogle Scholar
  57. Diener, E., Sandvik, E., Seidlitz, L., Diener, M. 1993‘The relationship between income and subjective well-being: Relative or absolute?’.Social Indicators Research28195223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Diener, E., Seligman, M.E.P. 2002‘Very happy people’Psychological Science138083CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Diener, E., Seligman, M.E.P. 2004‘Beyond money’Psychological Science in the Public Interest5131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Diener, E., Suh, E.M., Lucas, R.E., Smith, H.L. 1999‘Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress’Psychological Bulletin125276302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Donovan, N. and D. Halpern, with R. Sargeant: (2002), Life Satisfaction: The State of Knowledge and Implications for Government. Strategy Unit of the British Government, Discussion Paper, December.Google Scholar
  62. Doward, L.C, McKenna, S.P., Meads, D.M. 2004‘Effectiveness of needs-based quality of life instruments’Value Health Sep-Oct;7S35S38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Dreher, G.F. 1982‘The impact of extra-work variables on behavior in work environments’Academy of Management Review7300304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Drucker, P.F. 1969Preparing Tomorrow’s Business Leaders TodayPrentice-HallEnglewood Cliffs, NJGoogle Scholar
  65. Dunn, H.L. 1959‘High-level wellness for man and society’American Journal of Public Health49786792Google Scholar
  66. Durkheim, E. 1897Suicide, Spaulding JA, Simpson G, transThe Free PressNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  67. Durkheim E. 1897–1951, Suicide, Spaulding JA, Simpson G, trans. (The Free Press, New York).Google Scholar
  68. Duxbury, L. and Haines, G. Jr.: (1990), ‘Predicting alternative work arrangements from salient attitudes: A study of decision makers in the public sector’, in H.L. Meadow and M.J. Sirgy (eds.), Quality-of-life Studies in Marketing and Management, (International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies, Blacksburg, Virginia), pp. 583-596.Google Scholar
  69. Duxbury, L., Haines, G.,Jr. 1991‘Predicting alternative work arrangements from salient attitudes: a study of decision-makers in the public sector’Journal of Business Research238397CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Emmons, R.A. 1986‘Personal strivings: An approach to personal and subjective well-being’Journal of Personal and Social Psychology5110581068CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Easterlin, R.A. 1974‘Does economic growth improve the human Lot?’David, P.A.Reder, M.W. eds. Nations and Households in Economic Growth: Essays in Honor of Moses AbramovitzAcademic PressNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  72. Easterlin, R.A. 1995‘Will raising the incomes of all increase the happiness of all?’Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization273548CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Edwards, E. and A. Tversky (eds.): Decision Making (Penguin Books, Middlesex).Google Scholar
  74. Efraty, D., and M.J. Sirgy: (1990), ‘Job satisfaction and life satisfaction among professionals and paraprofessionals’, in H.L. Meadow and M.J. Sirgy (eds.), Quality-of-life Studies in Marketing and Management (International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies, Blacksburg, Virginia), pp. 157–169.Google Scholar
  75. Efraty, D., Sirgy, M.J., Claiborne, C.B. 1991‘The effects of personal alienation on organizational identification: A quality-of-work life model’Journal of Business and Psychology65778CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Elinson, J. 1974‘Toward sociomedical health indicators’Social Indicators Research15971CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Elinson, J.Siegmann, A.E. eds. 1979Sociomedical Health IndicatorsBaywood Publishing CompanyFarmingdale, NYGoogle Scholar
  78. Estes, R.J. (1995), ‘Praxis: resources for social and economic development: a database of worldwide resources pertaining to national and international social development' "published" on Lynx and the World Wide Web (URL: http://caster.ssw.upenn.edu/~restes/praxis.html).Google Scholar
  79. Fairweather A. et al.: (2001), ’Reconceptualization of social quality’, European Journal of Social Quality 3/1–2, pp. 118–143.Google Scholar
  80. Ferriss, A.L. 1979‘The U. S. federal effort in developing social indicators’Social Indicators Research6129149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Ferriss, A.L. 1989‘Whatever happened, indeed’The Journal of Public Policy9413417Google Scholar
  82. Firebaugh, G. 2000‘The trend in between-nation income inequality’Annual Review of Sociology26323329CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Fishburn, P.C. 1973The Theory of Social ChoicePrinceton University PressPrincetonGoogle Scholar
  84. Fisk, G., Dickinson, R. 1997‘Special issue: Quality of life’Journal of Macromarketing17339Google Scholar
  85. Fitzpatrick, R. 1996‘Alternative approaches to the assessment of health-related quality of life’Offer, A. eds. Pursuit of the Quality of LifeOxford University PressOxford140162Google Scholar
  86. Fogel, R.W. (1986), ‘Nutrition and the decline in mortal since 1700: some preliminary findings’, in Long-term Trends in S.L. Engerman and R.E. Gallman (eds.), American Economic Growth (University of Chicago Press, Chicago), pp. 439–555 (includes Comment by Peter Lindert).Google Scholar
  87. Fogel, R.W. (1993), ‘New sources and new techniques for the study of secular trends in nutritional status, health, mortal, and the process of aging’, Historical Methods 26 (Winter), pp. 1–44.Google Scholar
  88. Folkman, S. 1997‘Positive psychological states and coping with severe stress’Social Science and Medicine452071221Google Scholar
  89. Fredrickson, B.L., Joiner, T. 2002‘Positive emotions trigger upward spirals toward emotional well-being’Psychological Science13172175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Frey B.S. and A. Stutzer: (2002), ‘What can economists learn from happiness research?’, Journal of Economic Literature XL:2 (June), pp. 402–435.Google Scholar
  91. Fuchs, V. 1983How We LiveHarvard University PressCambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  92. Fujita, F., Diener, E., Sandvik, E. 1991‘Gender differences in negative affect and well-being: The case for emotional intensity’Journal of Personal and Social Psychology61427424CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Gallie, D. 1996‘The quality of employment: perspectives and problems’Offer, A eds. Pursuit of the Quality of LifeOxford University PressOxford163187Google Scholar
  94. George, J.M., Brief, A.P. 1992‘Feeling good–doing good: A conceptual analysis of the mood at work–organizational spontane’Psychological Bulletin112310329CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Gershuny, J. and B. Halpin (1996), ‘Time use, quality of life, and process benefits’, in A. Offer (ed.), Pursuit of the Quality of Life (Oxford, Oxford University Press, Oxford), pp. 188–210.Google Scholar
  96. Gerson, E.M. 1976‘On quality of life’American Sociological Review41793806CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Gilbert, M., Jaszi G., E.F. Dennison and C.F. Schwartz: (1948), ‘Objectives of national income measurement: A reply to Professor Kuznets’, Review of Economics and Statistics XXX:3 (August), pp. 179–195. Google Scholar
  98. Giner S. et al.: (1998), Dictionario de Sociologia, Alanza Ed SA., MadridGoogle Scholar
  99. Glen, D., O’Leary-Kelly, A., Griffin, R., Fleet, D. 1995‘Participation in organizations: A preview of the issues and proposed framework for future analysis’Journal of Management21395421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Glenn, N.D., Weaver, C.N. 1981‘The contributions of marital happiness to global happiness’Journal of Marriage and the Family43161168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Greenhaus, J.H., Bedian, A.G., Mossholder, K.W. 1987‘Work experiences, job performances, and feelings of personal and family well being’Journal of Vocational Behavior31200215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Gross, B.M. (ed.): (1967), Goals and Indicators of American Society, vol. I, The Annals, 371 (May); and vol. II, The Annals, 373 (September).Google Scholar
  103. Gross, B.M. and M. Springer: (1970), ‘Political intelligence for America’s future’, The Annals 388 (March).Google Scholar
  104. Gruber, J. and S. Mullainathan: (2002), Do Cigarette Taxes make Smokers Happier? Working Paper no. 8872 (April), (Boston, MA, National Bureau of Economic Research).Google Scholar
  105. Guyatt G.H, C. Bombardier and P.X. Tugwell: (1986), ‘Measuring disease-specific quality of life in clinical trials’, Canadian Medical Association Journal 15 (April); 134(8), 889–95.Google Scholar
  106. Headey, B. and A. Wearing: (1992), Understanding Happiness: A Theory of Subjective Well-being (Longman Cheshire, Melbourne, Australia).Google Scholar
  107. Hackman, J.R., Oldham, G.R. 1980Work RedesignAddison-WesleyReading, MAGoogle Scholar
  108. Hackman, J., Oldham, G., Janson, R., Purdy, K. 1975‘A new strategy for job enrichment’California Management Review175771Google Scholar
  109. Hagood M.J., N. Danilevsky and C. O. Beum: (1941), ‘An examination of the use of factor analysis in the problem of sub-regional delineation’, Rural Sociology 6/3 (September), pp. 216–235.Google Scholar
  110. Harris, J.M., Wise, T., Gallagher, K., Goodwin, N.R. 2001A Survey of Sustainable DevelopmentIsland PressCovelo, CAGoogle Scholar
  111. Health, Medicine and Society D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland, in Polish: PWN-Polish Scientific Publishers, Warzawa.Google Scholar
  112. Hechter, M. 2000‘Agenda for sociology at the start of the twenty-first century’Annual Review of Sociology26697698CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Hernandes, D.J. 1993America’s ChildrenRussell Sage FoundationNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  114. Hezberg, F. 1968‘One more time: How do you motivate employees?’Harvard Business Review455362Google Scholar
  115. Hezberg, F., Maumer, B., Block-Snyderman, B. 1967The Motivation to work, 2nd EdWileyNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  116. Hornquist, J.O. 1982‘The concept of quality of life’Scandinavian Journal of Social Medicine105761Google Scholar
  117. Institute of Medicine: (1997), Improving Health in the Community: A Role for Performance Monitoring (National Academy Press, Washington, DC).Google Scholar
  118. Jackson, T., N. Marks, J. Ralls and S. Stymne: (1998), Sustainable Economic Welfare in The U.K., 1950–1996 (New Economics Foundation).Google Scholar
  119. James, W. 1909The Meaning of Truth: A Sequel to PragmatismLongmansGreen and Co.Google Scholar
  120. Jayarante, S. (1993), ‘The antecedents, consequences, and correlates of job satisfaction’, in R.T. Golembiewski (ed.), Handbook of Organizational Behavior, (Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York), p. 111–141.Google Scholar
  121. Johnson, A.G. (2002), Blackwell Dictionary of Sociology, 2nd edition (Blackwell Publishers, Malden, MA).Google Scholar
  122. Jones, M.G. (1974), ‘Our need for new corporate decision-making models’, in R.L. Clewett and J.C. Olson (eds.), Social Indicators and Marketing (American Marketing Association, Chicago), pp. 106–118.Google Scholar
  123. Jones, W.O. and C. Merat: (1962), ‘Consumption of exotic consumer goods as an indicator of economic achievement in ten countries of tropical Africa’, Food Research Institute Studies III:1 (February), pp. 35–60.Google Scholar
  124. Joyce, C.R.B., C.A. O’Boyle and H. McGee: (1999), Individual Quality of Life: Approaches to Conceptualization and Assessment (Hardwood Academic Publishers, Amsteldijk, The Netherlands).Google Scholar
  125. Joyce C.R., A., Hickey H.M., McGee and C.A. O’Boyle: (2003), ‘A theory-based method for the evaluation of individual quality of life: the SEIQoL’, Quality of Life Research 12(3), 275–80.Google Scholar
  126. Kahneman, D., E. Diener and N. Schwarz (eds.): (1999), Well-being: The Foundations of Hedonic Psychology (New York, Russell Sage Foundation).Google Scholar
  127. Kahneman, D. (1999), ‘Objective happiness’, in D. Kahneman, E. Diener and N. Schwarz (eds.), Well-being: The Foundations of Hedonic Psychology (Russell Sage Foundation, New York), pp. 1–25.Google Scholar
  128. Kahneman, D., E. Diener and N. Schwarz: (1999), Well-being: The Foundations of Hedonic Psychology (Russell Sage Foundation, New York).Google Scholar
  129. Kahneman, D., A.B. Krueger, D.A. Schkade, N. Schwarz and A.A. Stone: (2004), ‘A survey method for characterizing daily life experience: the day reconstruction method’, Science 3;306(5702) December, 1776-80.Google Scholar
  130. Karnofsky, D.A. and J.H. Burchenal: (1949), ‘The clinical evaluation of chemotherapeutic agents in cancer’, in C.M. MacLeod (ed.), Evaluation of Chemotherapeutic Agents (Columbia University Press, New York), p. 196.Google Scholar
  131. Kasser, T. and A.D. Kanner (eds.): (2004), ‘psychology and Consumer Culture: The Struggle for a Good Life in a Materialistic World’ (American Psychological Association, Washington, DC).Google Scholar
  132. Kasser, T., Ryan, R.M 1993‘A dark side of the American dream: Correlates of financial success as a central life aspiration’Journal of Personal and Social Psychology65410422CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. Kelley, E.J. (1974), ‘Integrating social feedback into business decisions: Value system conflicts and corporate planning’, in R.L. Clewett and J.C. Olson (eds.), Social Indicators and Marketing (American Marketing Association, Chicago), pp. 129–145.Google Scholar
  134. Komlos, J. 1995The Biological Standard of Living on Three Continents: Further Exploration in Anthropometric HistoryWestviewBoulder, COGoogle Scholar
  135. Kotler, P. 1986Principles of Marketing3Prentice-HallEnglewood Cliffs, NJGoogle Scholar
  136. Kuznets, S. (1933), ‘National income’, in E.R.A. Seligman and A. Johnson (eds.), Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, vol. 11, (Macmillan, New York), pp. 205–224.Google Scholar
  137. Kuznets, S. 1941‘National Income and its Composition’, 1919–1938National Bureau of Economic ResearchNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  138. Kuznets, S. (1945), National Product in Wartime (National Bureau of Economic Research, New York).Google Scholar
  139. Kuznets S. (1946), National Income: A Summary of Findings (National Bureau of Economic Research, New York).Google Scholar
  140. Kuznets S. (1948), ‘National income: A new version’, The Review of Economics and Statistics XXX:3 (August), 151–179.Google Scholar
  141. Land, K. (1983), Social indicators, Annual Review of Sociology, 9.Google Scholar
  142. Land, K. (2000), ‘Social indicators’, in F. Borgatta and R.J.V. Montgomery (eds.), Encyclopedia of sociology, 2nd ed., (New York, Macmillan Reference USA).Google Scholar
  143. Lazarus R. S. and Folkman S. (1984), Stress, Appraisal, and Coping (Springer, New York).Google Scholar
  144. Lewellyn, P. A. and E. A. Wibker: (1990), ‘Significance of quality of life on turnover intentions of certified public accountants’, in H. L. Meadow and M. J. Sirgy (eds.), Quality-of-life Studies in Marketing and Management (International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies, Blacksburg, Virginia), pp. 182–193.Google Scholar
  145. Lewis C. I. (1946), Analysis of Knowledge and Valuation (Open Court, LaSalle).Google Scholar
  146. Liu B. C. (1976), Quality of Life Indicators in U. S. Metropolitan Areas (Praeger, New York).Google Scholar
  147. Linley, P A. and S. Joseph (eds.): (2004), Positive Psychology in Practice (Wiley, Hoboken, NJ).Google Scholar
  148. Lively, C. E. and R. B. Almack: (1938), A Method of Determining Rural Social Sub-areas with Application to Ohio. Columbus, Ohio State University and Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station, Department of Rural Economics Memorandum Bulletin No. 106.Google Scholar
  149. Locke, E. A. (1976), ‘The nature and causes of job satisfaction’, in M. D. Dunnette (ed.), Handbook of Industrial and Organizational Psychology (Rand McNally, Chicago).Google Scholar
  150. Lucas, R. E., A. E. Clark, Y. Georgellis, and E. Diener. ‘Unemployment alters the set-point for life satisfaction’, Psychological Science 15, pp. 8–13Google Scholar
  151. Lucas, R.E., Diener, E., Suh, E. 1996‘Discriminant valid of well-being measures’Journal of Personal and Social Psychology71616628CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. Maddi, S. R. and S. C. Kobasa: (1984), The Hardy Executive: Health under Stress. (Dow Jones-Irwin, Homewood, IL).Google Scholar
  153. Markides, K. S. (2000), ‘The quality of life’, in E. F. Borgatta and R. J. V. Montgomery (eds.), Encyclopedia of sociology, 2nd ed., (Macmillan Reference USA, New York).Google Scholar
  154. Marks, G.N., Fleming, N. 1999‘Influences and consequences of well-being among Australian young people: 1980–1995’Social Indicators Research46301323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. Marshak S. (1974), ‘Social indicators – how to use them responsibly’, in R. L. Clewett and J. C. Olson (eds.), Social Indicators and Marketing (American Marketing Association, Chicago), pp. 146–153. Marshall, A: (1861), Principles of Economics (London).Google Scholar
  156. Martin, T.N., Schermerhorn, J.R. 1983‘Work and nonwork influences on health’Academy of Management Review8650659CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. Maslow A. H. (1943), ‘A theory of human motivation’, Psychological Review 50: 370.Google Scholar
  158. Maslow, A.H. 1954Motivation and Personal WayHarperNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  159. Mazmanian, D. A. and M. E. Kraft: (1999), Toward Sustainable Communities (</b>The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA).Google Scholar
  160. McCrae R. R. and P. T. Costa: (1986), ‘Personal, coping, and coping effectiveness in an adult sample’, Journal of Personal 54, 385–405.Google Scholar
  161. McGee H.M., C.A. O’Boyle A. Hickey K. O’Malley and C. R. Joyce: (1991), ‘Assessing the quality of life of the individual: the SEIQoL with a healthy and a gastroenterology unit population’, Psychological Medicine Aug;21(3), pp. 749-59.Google Scholar
  162. McGranahan, D.V., C. Richard-Proust, N. V. Sovani and M. Subramanian: (1970), Contents and Measurement of Socio-economic Development: An Empirical Inquiry, Report No. 70.10, (United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, Geneva).Google Scholar
  163. McGregor D: (1960), The Human Side of Enterprise (McGraw-Hill, New York).Google Scholar
  164. McKain, W.C.,Jr. 1939‘The concept of plane of living and the construction of Plane of Living Index’Rural Sociology4337343Google Scholar
  165. McKean, R. N. (1974), ‘Collective choice’, in J. W. McKie (ed.), Social Responsibil and the Business Predicament (Brookings Institute, Washington).Google Scholar
  166. McLanahan, S. 2000‘Family, state, and child well-being’Annual Review of Sociology26703706CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. McNeil B.J., Keller E., and S.J. Adelstein: (1975), ‘Primer on certain elements of medical decision making’, New England Journal of Medicine. 31;293(5), pp. 211–215.Google Scholar
  168. Meadow, H. L. and M. J. Sirgy (eds.) (1989), Quality-of-life Studies in Marketing and Management. (International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies, Blacksburg, Virginia).Google Scholar
  169. Meadow, H. L., M. J. Sirgy, and D. Rahtz (eds.) (1995), Developments in Quality-of-life Studies in Marketing, vol. 5 (International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies, Blacksburg, Virginia).Google Scholar
  170. Michalos, A.C. 1967‘Postulates of rational preference’Philosophy of Science34822Google Scholar
  171. Michalos A. C. (1971), The Popper-Carnap Controversy (Martinus Nijhoff, the Hague).Google Scholar
  172. Michalos A. C. (1978), Foundations of Decision-making (Canadian Library of Philosophy, Ottawa).Google Scholar
  173. Michalos A. C. (1980). North American Social Report, vol. 1: Foundations, Population and Health (Dordrecht, D. Reidel).Google Scholar
  174. Michalos, A. C. (1981), ‘Technology assessment, facts and values’, in P.T. Durbin (ed.), Research in Philosophy and Technology, vol. 4 (JAI Press), pp.59–81.Google Scholar
  175. Michalos, A. C. (1984), ‘Review of ‘The Limits of Utilitarianism’, in H.B. Miller and W.H. Williams (eds.), Teaching Philosophy, October, pp. 352–357.Google Scholar
  176. Michalos, A.C. 1985‘Multiple discrepancies theory (MDT)’Social Indicators Research6347413CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  177. Michalos A. C. (1991a), Global Report on Student Well-being, vol. 1: Life Satisfaction and Happiness (Springer-Verlag, New York).Google Scholar
  178. Michalos A. C. (1991b), Global Report on Student Well-being, vol. 2: Family, Friends, Living partner and Self-esteem (Springer-Verlag, New York).Google Scholar
  179. Michalos A. C. (1993c), Global Report on Student Well-being, vol. 3: Employment, Finances, Housing and Transportation (Springer-Verlag, New York).Google Scholar
  180. Michalos, A. C. (1993d), Global Report on Student Well-being, vol. 4: Religion, Education, Recreation and Health (Springer-Verlag, New York).Google Scholar
  181. Michalos A. C. (1997), ‘Combining social, economic and environmental indicators to measure sustainable human well-being’, Social Indicators Research, 40(1–2): 221–258.Google Scholar
  182. Michalos, A.C. 2001‘Ethics counselors as a new priesthood’Journal of Business Ethics29317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  183. Michalos, A. C. (2003), ‘Social indicators research and health-related Quality of life research’, in A.C. Michalos (ed.), Essays on the Quality of Life, (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht), pp. 239-274.Google Scholar
  184. Miles, I. (1985), Social Indicators for Human Development (Frances Pinter, London). Mill, J. S. (1861), Utilitarianism (London).Google Scholar
  185. Mitchell, W.C. 1918‘Bentham’s felicific calculus’Political Science Quarterly33161183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. Moore G.E. (1903), Principia Ethica (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge).Google Scholar
  187. Moore, W. E. and E. B. Sheldon: (1965), Monitoring Social Change: A Conceptual and Programmatic Statement. Washington: Social Statistics, Proceedings of the American Statistical Association, pp. 1944–1949.Google Scholar
  188. Morris, M. D. (1979). Measuring the Condition of the World’s Poor: The Physical Quality of Life Index (Pergamon, New York).Google Scholar
  189. Morss, E. R. (1974), ‘Business, social indicators, and social responsibil’, in R. L. Clewett and J. C. Olson (eds.), Social Indicators and Marketing (American Marketing Association, Chicago), pp. 93–105.Google Scholar
  190. Mukherjee, R. (1989), The Quality of Life: Valuation in Social Research (Sage Publications, New Delhi/Newbury Park/London).Google Scholar
  191. Mulvill, D. F. (1978), ‘The Quality of life concept and its effect on marketing’, in F. D. Reynolds and H. C. Barksdale (eds.), Marketing and the Quality of Life (American Marketing Association, Chicago), pp. 24–31.Google Scholar
  192. Murray, H. A. (1938), Explorations in Personal, Oxford University Press: New York.Google Scholar
  193. Myers, D.G., Diener, E. 1995‘Who is happy?’Psychological Science61019CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. Nagin, D.S., Land, K.C. 1993‘Age, criminal careers, and population heterogene: Specification and estimation of a nonparametric, mixed Poisson modelCriminology31327362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  195. National Center for Health Statistics: 1975–2004, Health: United States (Department of Health and Human Services, Hyattsville, MD).Google Scholar
  196. National Commission on Technology, Automation and Economic Progress: (1966), Report of the Commission (Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.), January.Google Scholar
  197. Near, J.P., Rice, R.W., Hunt, G.R. 1980‘The relationship between work and nonwork domains: A review of empirical research’.Academy of Management Review5415429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  198. Neugarten, B.L., Havighurst, R.J., Tobin, S.S. 1961‘The measurement of life satisfaction’Journal of Gerontology1613443Google Scholar
  199. Newhouse, J.P. 1982‘A summary of the Rand Health Insurance Study’Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences387111114Google Scholar
  200. Nordhaus, W. D. and J. Tobin: (1973), ‘Is growth obsolete?’, in M. Moss (ed.) The Measurement of Economic and Social Performance (Columbia University Press for the National Bureau of Economic Research, Conference on Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 38, New York), pp. 509–532.Google Scholar
  201. Nussbaum, M.C. and A. Sen (eds.): (1993), The Quality of Llife (Clarendon Press, Oxford).Google Scholar
  202. O’Brien, E. J. (1990), ‘Business and public administration: synergistic combination for Quality of life enhancement’, in H. L. Meadow and M. J. Sirgy (eds.), Quality-of-Life Studies Marketing and Management (International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies, Blacksburg, Virginia), pp. 597–604.Google Scholar
  203. O’Connor, A. 2000‘Poverty research and policy for the post-welfare era’Annual Review of Sociology26547562CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  204. Odum, H. W. (1936). Southern Regions of the United States (The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC).Google Scholar
  205. Ogburn, W. (ed.): (1933), Recent Social Trends in the United States: Report of the President’s Commission on Social Trends, 2 vols. (McGraw-Hill, New York).Google Scholar
  206. Ogburn, W. (ed.): (1943), American Society in Wartime (University of Chicago Press, Chicago).Google Scholar
  207. Olson, M. 1965The Logic of Collective ActionHarvard University PressCambridgeGoogle Scholar
  208. Olson, M. 1969‘The plan and purpose of a social report’The Public Interest158597Google Scholar
  209. Osberg, L. (2001), ‘Isn’t it well being that we want to improve? The metric of evaluation’, Paper presented at From Theory to Practice: International Conference on Evaluation Methodology, Ottawa, November 17.Google Scholar
  210. Osberg, L. and A. Sharpe: (1998), ‘An index of economic well-being for Canada’, Paper presented at the CSLS Conference on the State of Living Standards and Quality of Life in Canada, October 30–31, Ottawa, Ontario (paper posted at www.csls.ca under conferences), also Research Paper R-99-3E, Applied Research Branch, Human Resources Development Canada, December.Google Scholar
  211. Oswald, A. 1997‘Happiness and economic performance’Economic Journal10718151831CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  212. Palmblad, M., Tiplady, B. 2004‘Electronic diaries and questionnaires: Designing user interfaces that are easy for all patients to use’Quality of Life Research131199207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  213. Panel on Social Indicators, DHEW; (1969), Toward a Social Report (Government Printing Office, Washington, DC).Google Scholar
  214. Parke, R. (1983), ‘Recollections and views of key figures in the social indicators program’, Items 37/4 (December).Google Scholar
  215. Parsons, T. 1951The Social SystemFree PressGlencoe, ILGoogle Scholar
  216. Parsons, T. (1958), ‘Definition of health and illness in the light of American values and social structure’, in J. E. Gartly (ed.), Patients, Physicians, and Illness: A Sourcebook in Behavioral Science and Health, (Free Press, New York), pp. 165–187.Google Scholar
  217. Patrick, D. L, Kinne S., Engelberg R.A., and R. A. Pearlman: (2000), ‘Functional status and perceived Quality of life in adults with and without chronic conditions’, Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 53(8) (August), pp. 779–85Google Scholar
  218. Patrick, D. L. and P. Erickson: (1993), Health Status and Health Policy: Allocating Health Care Resources (Oxford University Press, New York).Google Scholar
  219. Patrick, D. L. and Deyo, R. A. (1989), ‘Generic and disease-specific measures in assessing health status and Quality of life’, Medical Care 27(3 Suppl); (March), pp. S217–32.Google Scholar
  220. Patrick, D. L, and Y. P. Chiang: (2000), ‘Measurement of health outcomes in treatment effectiveness evaluations: conceptual and methodological challenges’, Medical Care 38(9 Suppl); (September), pp. II14–25.Google Scholar
  221. Patrick, D. (2003), ‘Patient-reported outcomes (PROs): an organizing tool for concepts, measures, and applications’, Quality of Life Newsletter Number 31, (Fall Issue).Google Scholar
  222. Pavot, W. and E. Diener: (1993a), ‘The affective and ognitive context of Self-Reported measures of subjective well being’, Social Indicators Research 28, 1–20.Google Scholar
  223. Pavot, W., Diener, E. 1993b‘Review of the Satisfaction With Life Scale’Psychological Assessment5164172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  224. Perry, R.B. 1926General Theory of ValueHarvard University PressCambridgeGoogle Scholar
  225. Perry, R.B. 1954Realms of ValueHarvard University PressCambridgeGoogle Scholar
  226. Pigou, A. C.: (1929), The Economics of Welfare, 3rd ed. (Macmillan, London), first published 1920. President’s Commission on National Goals: (1960), Goals for Americans (The American Assembly, Columbia University, New York).Google Scholar
  227. Prewitt K.: (1983), ‘Council reorganizes its work in social indicators’, Items 37/4 (December). Quality of Life Assessment. (1996). World Health Forum 17(4), 354–6.Google Scholar
  228. Rain J. S., I. M. Lane and Steiner D.D., (1991), ‘A current look at the job satisfaction/ life satisfaction relationship: Review and future considerations’, Human Relations 44, 287–307. Rapley, M.: (2003), Quality of Life Research: A Critical Introduction (Sage Publications, London).Google Scholar
  229. Reynolds, F. D. and H. C. Barksdale, (eds.) 1978, Marketing and the Quality of Life (American Marketing Association, Chicago).Google Scholar
  230. Rice, R.W., J. P., Near, Hunt, R.G. 1980‘The job-satisfaction/life-satisfaction relationship: A review of empirical research’Basic and Applied Social Psychology13764CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  231. Richins, M.L., Dawson, S. 1992‘A consumer values orientation for materialism and its measurement: Scale development and validation’Journal of Consumer Research19303316CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  232. Richter P.E. (ed.). (1971), Utopias: Social Ideals and Communal Experiments (Holbrook Press, Boston).Google Scholar
  233. Rockwell, R. C. (1983), ‘Social indicators at the Council’, Items 37/1 (December).Google Scholar
  234. Ronen S.: 1981, Flexible Working Hours: An Innovation in the Quality of Work Life (McGraw-Hill, New York).Google Scholar
  235. Rothenberg, J. (1961), The Measurement of Social Welfare (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs).Google Scholar
  236. Rousseau, D.M. 1978‘Relationship of work to wonwork’Journal of Applied Psychology63513517CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  237. Ryan, R.M., Deci, E.L. 2001‘On happiness and human potentials: A review of research on hedonic and eudaimonic well-being’Annual Review of Psychology52141166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  238. Ryff, C.D., Keyes, C.L.M. 1995‘The structure of psychological well-being revisited’Journal of Personal and Social Psychology69719727CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  239. Samli, A. C. (ed.): (1987), Marketing and the Quality-of-life Interface (Quorum Books, Westport, CT).Google Scholar
  240. Samli, A.C. 1992Social Responsibil in MarketingQuorum BooksWestport, CTGoogle Scholar
  241. Sandvik, E., Diener, E., Seidlitz, L. 1993‘Subjective well-being: The convergence and stability of self-report and non self-report measures’Journal of Personality61317342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  242. Schermerhorn, J. R., J. G. Hunt and R. N. Osborn: (1994), Managing Organizational Behavior (Wiley, New York).Google Scholar
  243. Schermerhorn, J. R., J. G. Hunt and R. N. Osborn: 2000, 2003, Organizational Behavior (Wiley, New York).Google Scholar
  244. Schmitt, N., Bedian, A.G. 1982‘A comparison of LISREL and two-stage least squares analysis of a hypothesized fife-job satisfaction reciprocal relationship’Journal of Applied Psychology67806817CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  245. Schussler, K.F., Fisher, G.A. 1985‘Quality of life research and sociology’Annual Review of Sociology11139149Google Scholar
  246. Schwarz, N., Clore, G.L. 1983Mood, misattribution, and judgments of well-being: Informative and directive functions of affective statesJournal of Personal and Social Psychology45513523CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  247. Schwarz, N. and F. Strack: 1999, ‘Reports of subjective well-being: judgmental processes and their methodological implications’, in Well-being: The Foundations of Hedonic Psychology, (Russell Sage Foundation, New York) pp. 61–84.Google Scholar
  248. Scollon, C.N., Kim-Prieto, C., Diener, E. 2003‘Experience sampling: Promises and pitfalls, strengths and weaknesses’Journal of Happiness Studies4534CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  249. Seligman, M.E.P., Csikszentmihalyi, M. 2000‘Positive psychology: An introduction’American Psychologist55514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  250. Sewell, W. H.: 1940, The Construction and Standardization of a Scale for the Measurement of the Socio-economic Status of Oklahoma Farm Families. Technical Bulletin No. 9, Stillwater, Oklahoma: Oklahoma Agricultural Experiment Station, April.Google Scholar
  251. Shaver, P., Freedman, J. 1976‘Your pursuit of happiness’Psychology Today102729Google Scholar
  252. Sheldon, E. B. and W. E. Moore, (eds.): (1968), Indicators of Social Change: Concepts and Measurements (Russell Sage Foundation, NY).Google Scholar
  253. Sheldon, E. B.: 1983, ‘Recollections and views of key figures in the social indicators program’, Items 37/4 (December).Google Scholar
  254. Simon, H.A.: (1957), Models of Man (John Wiley and Sons, New York).Google Scholar
  255. Sirgy, M. J. (ed.) 1991a. Special issue: ‘Quality-of-life studies in marketing and management’, Journal of Business and Psychology 6 (Fall).Google Scholar
  256. Sirgy, M. J.: (ed.): 1991b, Special Issue: ‘Quality of life’, Journal of Business Research 23 (August).Google Scholar
  257. Sirgy, M.J. 1998‘Materialism and the Quality of life’Social Indicators Research43227260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  258. Sirgy, M. J. 2001, Handbook of Quality-of-life Research: An Ethical Marketing Perspective (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands).Google Scholar
  259. Sirgy, M. J. and D-J. Lee, 1995, ‘The evolution of the Quality-of-life (QOL) concept in marketing thought’, in H. L. Meadow, M. J. Sugy and D. R. Rahtz (eds.), Development in Quality-of-Life Studies in Marketing, vol. 5, (International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies, Blacksburg, Virginia), pp. 19–24.Google Scholar
  260. Sirgy, M. J., H. L., Meadow, D., Rahtz, and A. C. Samli, (eds.): 1992, Developments in Quality-of-life Studies in Marketing. vol. 4, (Academy of Marketing Science: Miami, FL).Google Scholar
  261. Sirgy, M. J. and M. Morris: 1987, ‘The growth of the marketing discipline in relation to Quality of life: A general systems perspective’, in A. C. Samli (ed.), Marketing and the Quality of Life Interface (Quorum Books, Westport, CT), pp. 312–333.Google Scholar
  262. Sirgy, M. J. and A. C. Samli, (eds.): 1995, New Dimensions in Marketing and Quality-of-life Research (Greenwood Press, Bridgeport, CT).Google Scholar
  263. Sirgy M. J., A. C., Samli, and H. L. Meadow: 1982, ‘The interface between Quality of life and marketing: A theoretical framework’, Journal of Public Policy and Marketing 1: pp. 69–84.Google Scholar
  264. Smith, S. 1980, ‘The concept of the good life’, in D. J. Depew, The Greeks and the Good Life, (Hackett Pub., Indianapolis), pp. 17–32.Google Scholar
  265. Solomon, E. 1980. Consultation of Research Network on the Quality of Life (Division for Socio-economic Analysis, UNESCO, Paris, 3–5 December). Sontag S. 1933, Illness as Metaphor (Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York, 1978Google Scholar
  266. Staines, G. 1980‘Spillover versus compensation: A review of the literature on the relationship between work and nonwork’Human Relations33111129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  267. Stallings, M.C., Dunham, C.C., Gatz, M., Baker, L.A., Bengtson, V.L. 1997‘Relationships among life events and psychological well-being More evidence for a two-factor theory of well-being’Journal of Applied Gerontology16104119Google Scholar
  268. Staw, B.M., Sutton, R.I., Pelled, L.H. 1994‘Employee positive emotion and favorable outcomes at the workplace’Organization Science55171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  269. Steckel, R.H., Floud, R. 1997Health and Welfare during IndustrializationUniversity of Chicago PressChicagoGoogle Scholar
  270. Stewart, A.L.Ware, J.E. eds. 1992Measuring Functioning and Well-being: The Medical Outcomes Study ApproachDuke University PressDurham NCGoogle Scholar
  271. Stone, A. A., S. S., Shiffman, and M. W. DeVries: 1999, in Well-being: The Foundations of Hedonic Psychology (Russell-Sage, New York), pp. 61–84.Google Scholar
  272. Stone, R.: 1985, The Accounts of Society, Nobel Memorial Lecture in Les Prix Nobel 1984. (Almquist and Wicksell, Stockholm).Google Scholar
  273. Stouffer, S.A: 1949The American SoldierPrinceton University PressPrincetonGoogle Scholar
  274. Stroebe, W., Stroebe, M., Abakoumkin, G., Schut, H. 1996‘The role of loneliness and social support in adjustment to loss: A test of attachment versus stress theory’Journal of Personal and Social Psychology7012411249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  275. Tait M., M.Y., Padgett, and T. Baldwin, (1989), ‘Job and life satisfaction: A reevalulation of the strength of the relationship and gender effects as a function of the date of the study’, Journal of Applied Psychology, 74, pp. 502-507.Google Scholar
  276. Tatarkiewicz, W.: 1976, Analysis of Happiness, (Martinus Nijhoff, the Hague).Google Scholar
  277. Tickamyer, A.R., Duncan, C.M. 1990‘Poverty and opportunity structure in rural America’Annual Review of Sociology166786CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  278. Taeuber, C. (ed.): 1978, ‘America in the seventies: Some social indicators’, The Annals 435 (January).Google Scholar
  279. Todhunter, I. 1949A History of the Mathematical Theory of ProbabilChelsea Pub.New YorkGoogle Scholar
  280. Torrance, G.W. 1986‘The measurement of health state utilities for economic appraisal’Journal of Health Economics5130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  281. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: 1961, Report on the World Social Situation (United Nations, New York).Google Scholar
  282. United Nations Department of Social Affairs: 1952, Preliminary Report on the World Social Situation (United Nations, New York).Google Scholar
  283. United Nations Development Program. 2002. Human Development Report 2002: Deepening Democracy in a Fragmented World (Oxford University Press, New York).Google Scholar
  284. U. S. Bureau of the Census: 1981, Social Indicators III (U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington).Google Scholar
  285. U. S. Office of Management and Budget: 1974, Social Indicators, 1973 (U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington).Google Scholar
  286. U. S. Office of Management and Budget: 1976, Social Indicators, 1976 (U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington).Google Scholar
  287. Van Praag, B.M.S. and P. Frijters: 1999, ‘The measurement of welfare and well-being: the Leyden approach’, in D. Kahneman, E. Diener and N. Schwarz (eds.), Well-being: The Foundations of Hedonic Psychology (Russell Sage Foundation, New York), pp. 413–433.Google Scholar
  288. Veenhoven, R. (ed.): 1989, How Harmful Is Happiness?: Consequences of Enjoying Life or Not (Universitaire Pers Rotterdam, Rotterdam).Google Scholar
  289. Vitaliano, P.P., Russo, J., Young, H.M., Becker, J., Maiuro, R.D. 1991‘The screen for caregiver burden’Gerontologist317683Google Scholar
  290. Walsh, C. 1962From Utopia to NightmareHarper and RowNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  291. Walters, R. 1975Job Enrichment for Results: Strategies for Successful ImplementationAddison-WesleyReadingGoogle Scholar
  292. Watson, D., Clark, L.A., Tellegen, A. 1988‘Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS scales’MA, Journal of Personal and Social Psychology5410631070CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  293. Weinstein, M.C., Stason, W.B. 1977‘Foundations of cost-effectiveness analysis for health and medical practices’New England Journal of Medicine29671621CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  294. Werkmeister W.H.: 1970, Historical Spectrum of Value Theories: Volume 1, The German-Language Group (Johnsen Pub., Lincoln).Google Scholar
  295. Werkmeister W.H.: 1973, Historical Spectrum of Value Theories: Volume 2, The Anglo-American Group (Johnsen Pub., Lincoln).Google Scholar
  296. Wilensky, H. 1960‘Work, careers, and social integration’International Social Science12543560Google Scholar
  297. Wilson, W. 1967‘Correlates of avowed happiness’Psychological Bulletin67294306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  298. Wittgenstein, L.: 1922, Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (London).Google Scholar
  299. WHOQOL Group: What Quality of Life? (World Health Organization).Google Scholar
  300. World Health Organization: 1948, Constitution of The World Health Organization. Basic Documents (World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland).Google Scholar
  301. Wylie, M.L. 1970‘Life satisfaction as a program impact criterion’Journal of Gerontology253640(January)Google Scholar
  302. Yankelovich, D. 1974‘How opinion polls differ from social indicators’Clewett, R.L.Olson, J.C. eds. Social Indicators and MarketingAmerican Marketing AssociationChicago5466Google Scholar
  303. Yankelovich, D. 1981‘New rules in American life: searching for self-fulfillment in a world turned upside down’Psychology Today153591Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Joseph Sirgy
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alex C. Michalos
    • 2
  • Abbott L. Ferriss
    • 3
  • Richard A. Easterlin
    • 4
  • Donald Patrick
    • 6
  • William Pavot
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of MarketingVirginia Tech, Pamplin College of BusinessBlacksburgUSA
  2. 2.University of Northern British ColumbiaCanada
  3. 3.Emory UniversityUSA
  4. 4.University of Southern CaliforniaUSA
  5. 5.Southwest Minnesota State UniversityUSA
  6. 6.University of WashingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations