Social Indicators Research

, Volume 74, Issue 3, pp 445–476 | Cite as

The Subjective Well-being Construct: A Test of its Convergent, Discriminant, and Factorial Validity

  • Marne L Arthaud-dayEmail author
  • Joseph C Rode
  • Christine H. Mooney
  • Janet P. Near


Using structural equation modeling, we found empirical support for the prevailing theory that subjective well-being consists of three domains: (1) cognitive evaluations of one’s life (i.e., life satisfaction or happiness); (2) positive affect; and (3) negative affect. Multiple indicators of satisfaction/happiness were shown to have strong convergent validity as well as discriminant validity from positive and negative affect. Positive and negative affect likewise exhibited discriminant validity from one another. At both the item and scale levels of analysis, we obtained an intercorrelated three-factor solution corresponding to the three proposed subjective well-being domains.

Key words

construct validation factor structure subjective well-being 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marne L Arthaud-day
    • 1
    Email author
  • Joseph C Rode
    • 2
  • Christine H. Mooney
    • 1
  • Janet P. Near
    • 3
  1. 1.Indiana UniversityUSA
  2. 2.Miami University of OhioUSA
  3. 3.Kelley School of BusinessNear Indiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA

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