Social Indicators Research

, Volume 73, Issue 2, pp 141–177 | Cite as

Relationships Between Parents’ And Children’s Salient Values For Future And Children’s Overall Life Satisfaction. A Comparison Across Countries

  • Germà CoendersEmail author
  • Ferran Casas
  • Cristina Figuer
  • Mònica González


In this paper, a model is set forth relating (a) overall life satisfaction of children to children’s values and (b) children’s values to parents’ values. Using confirmatory factor analysis models three dimensions of values (materialistic values, capacities and knowledge values and interpersonal relationship values) consistently emerged in 5 countries (Brazil, South Africa, Norway, Spain and India) for both parents and children. There was a considerable amount of missing data, mainly because the parent’s questionnaire was often not returned. Full information maximum likelihood estimators with missing data were thus used.

Multiple-group analyses were next performed to assess factor invariance of the three value dimensions across the five countries for both parents and children. This implies testing the equality of factor loadings and intercepts across groups. This equality is required to ensure that factors have the same interpretation in all groups, which is necessary when comparing any aspect of the factor distribution across groups.

The only two countries for which the interpretation of value dimensions was invariant for both parents and children were Brazil and Spain. The results of other countries could thus not be compared. Multiple-group structural equation models revealed that both parents and children scored higher on most values in Brazil than in Spain. In both countries, each child value dimension was only significantly predicted by the same value dimension of the parents. R-squares were in the 4–12% range and slightly higher in Brazil. The only value dimension that had some effect on overall life satisfaction was capacities and knowledge, which was so in both countries.


aspirations child subjective well being factor invariance missing data structural equation models values 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Germà Coenders
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Ferran Casas
    • 1
  • Cristina Figuer
    • 1
  • Mònica González
    • 1
  1. 1.Quality of Life Research InstituteUniversity of GironaGironaSpain
  2. 2.Faculty Building of Economics and BusinessGironaSpain

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