Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Correlation Analysis Between Field Electrical Resistivity Value (ERV) and Basic Geotechnical Properties (BGP)

  • 326 Accesses

  • 16 Citations

Past applications of electrical resistivity surveying have particularly focused on areas of subsurface ground investigations to locate boulder, bedrock, water table, etc. Traditionally, electrical resistivity surveys were directed by an expert geophysicist for data acquisition, processing and interpretation. The final outcome from the electrical resistivity technique was an anomaly image that helped describe and demarcate zones of challenging ground conditions. The anomalies highlighted uncertain geotechnical conditions that were often irregular and dependent on individual site condition, yielding a site-dependent electrical resistivity value (ERV) for the ground. This study therefore identifies co-relationships between ERV and some basic geotechnical properties (BGP) such as soil moisture content, grain size of geomaterial, density, porosity, void ratio, and Atterberg limit. Different soil samples were collected and tested under both field and laboratory conditions. Basic geotechnical properties of the samples were obtained immediately after the electrical resistivity measurements were made. It was shown that the electrical resistivity value was greatly influenced by the geotechnical properties, and thus the resistivity surveying technique is applicable to support and enhance the conventional stand-alone anomaly outcome that is traditionally used in ground investigation interpretation.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.

    R. Khatri, V. K. Shrivastava, and R. Chandak, "Correlation between Vertical Electric Sounding and Conventional Methods of Geotechnical Site Investigation," Int. J. Adv. Eng. Sci. Technol., No. 4, 042-053 (2011).

  2. 2.

    C. R. I. Clayton, N. C. Matthews, and N. E. Simons, Site Investigation, Blackwell Science, Oxford (1995).

  3. 3.

    I. L. Solberg, L. Hansen, J. S. R nning, E. D. Haugen, E. Dalsegg, and J. T nnesen, "Combined geophysical and geotechnical approach to ground investigations and hazard zonation of a quick clay area, Mid Norway," Bull. Eng. Geo. Environ., No. 71, 119-133 (2011).

  4. 4.

    S. G. C. Fraiha and J. B. C. Silva, "Factor analysis of ambiguity in geophysics," Geophysics, No. 59, 1083-1091 (1994).

  5. 5.

    R. C. Benson, L. Yuhr, and R. D. Kaufmann, Some considerations for selection and successful application of surface geophysical methods, Proceedings of the 3rd Int. Conference on Applied Geophysics (2003).

  6. 6.

    P. Cosenza, E. Marmet, F. Rejiba, Y. Jun Cui, A. Tabbagh, and Y. Charlery, "Correlations between geotechnical and electrical data: a case study at Garchy in France," J. Appl. Geophys., No. 60, 165-178 (2006).

  7. 7.

    G. Kibria and M. Hossain, "Investigation of geotechnical parameters affecting electrical resistivity of compacted clays," J. Geotech. Geoenviron. Eng., No. 138, 1520-1529 (2012).

  8. 8.

    M. H. Loke, I. Acworth, and T. Dahlin, "A comparison of smooth and blocky inversion methods 2-D electrical imaging surveys," Explor. Geophys., No. 34, 182-187 (2003).

  9. 9.

    M. H. Z, Abidin, R. Saad, D. C. Wijeyesekera, F. Ahmad, and N. A. Ismail, "The influence of electrical resistivity array on its soil electrical resistivity value," Appl. Mech. Mater., No. 510, 185-192 (2014).

  10. 10.

    M. F. T. Baharuddin, S. Taib, R. Hashim, M. H. Z. Abidin, and N. I. Rahman, "Assessment of seawater intrusion to the agricultural sustainability at the coastal area of carey island, Selangor, Malaysia," Arab. J. Geosci., 1-20 (2012).

  11. 11.

    R. Saad, N. M. Muztaza, and E. T. Mohamad, "The 2D electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) study for civil and geotechnical engineering purposes," Electron. J. Geotech. Eng., No. 16, 1537-1545 (2011).

  12. 12.

    K. Sudha, M. Israil, S. Mittal, and J. Rai, "Soil characterization using electrical resistivity tomography and geotechnical investigations," J. Appl. Geophys., No. 67, 74-79 (2009).

  13. 13.

    Methods of test for Soils for Civil Engineering Purposes, British Standard 1377 (1990).

  14. 14.

    R. Whitlow, Basic Soil Mechanics, Prentice Hall, Dorset (2001).

  15. 15.

    H. R. Burger, A. F. Sheehan, and C. H. Jones, Introduction to Applied Geophysics, W.W. Norton, New York (2006).

  16. 16.

    K. Knødel, G. Lange, H. J. Voigt, and K. Seidel, Direct Current Resistivity Methods: Environmental Geology, Springer Berlin, Heidelberg (2007).

  17. 17.

    M. H. Z. Abidin, R. Saad, D. C. Wijeyesekera, and F. Ahmad, "Soil resistivity influence due to the different utilization of electrical resistivity array," Electron. J. Geotech. Eng., No. 18, 5643-5654 (2013).

  18. 18.

    M. H. Z. Abidin, D. C. Wijeyesekera, F. Ahmad, and R. Saad, "Integral analysis of laboratory and field electrical resistivity value for soil moisture content prediction," Int. Soft Soil Engineering International Conference, Sarawak, Malaysia (2013).

  19. 19.

    M. H. Z. Abidin, R. Saad, F. Ahmad, D. C. Wijeyesekera, and A. S. Yahya, "Soil moisture content and density prediction using laboratory resistivity experiment," Int. J. Eng. Technol., No. 5, 731-735 (2013).

  20. 20.

    M. H. Z. Abidin, D. C. Wijeyesekera, F. Ahmad, R. Saad, and M. F. T. Baharuddin, "Correlation of soil resistivity laboratory test on a different moisture content and density for silty sand and gravelly sand," Inform. Eng. Lett., No. 3 (2), 1-10 (2013).

  21. 21.

    M. H. Z. Abidin, F. Ahmad, D. C. Wijeyesekera, R. Saad, and M. F. T. Baharuddin, "Soil resistivity measurements to predict moisture content and density in loose and dense soil," Appl. Mech. Mater., No. 353, 911-917 (2013).

  22. 22.

    G. Kibria, M. S. Khan, J. Hossain, and M. S. Hossain, "Determination of moisture content and unit weight of clayey soil using resistivity imaging (RI)," GeoCongress (2012).

  23. 23.

    F. Ozcep, O. Tezel, and M. Asci, "Correlation between electrical resistivity and soil-water content: Istanbul and Golcuk," Int. J. Phys. Sci., No. 4 (6), 362-365 (2009).

  24. 24.

    D. H. Griffiths and R. F. King, Applied Geophysics for Geologist and Engineers-The Element of Geophysical Prospecting, Pergamon Press, Oxford (1981).

  25. 25.

    W. M. Telford, L. P. Geldart, and R. E. Sheriff, Applied Geophysics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1990).

  26. 26.

    M. H. Z. Abidin, R. Saad, F. Ahmad, D. C. Wijeyesekera, and M. F. T. Baharuddin, "Integral analysis of geoelectrical (resistivity) and geotechnical (SPT) data in slope stability assessment," Acad. J. Sci., No. 1, 305-316 (2012).

  27. 27.

    Z. Chik and S. M. T. Islam, "Finding soil particle size through electrical resistivity in soil site investigations," Electro. J. Geotech. Eng., No. 17, 1867-1876 (2012).

  28. 28.

    V. A. Rinaldi and G. Cuestas, "Ohmic conductivity of a compacted silty clay," J. Geotech. Geoenviron. Eng., No. 128, 824-835 (2002).

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to M. H. Z. Abidin.

Additional information

Translated from Osnovaniya, Fundamenty i Mekhanika Gruntov, No. 3, p. 20, May-June, 2014.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Abidin, M.H.Z., Saad, R., Ahmad, F. et al. Correlation Analysis Between Field Electrical Resistivity Value (ERV) and Basic Geotechnical Properties (BGP). Soil Mech Found Eng 51, 117–125 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11204-014-9264-x

Download citation

Keywords

  • Electrical Resistivity
  • Void Ratio
  • Electrical Resistivity Tomography
  • Vertical Electric Sounding
  • Fine Soil