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Statistical Inference for Stochastic Processes

, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp 193–223 | Cite as

Non-parametric estimation of the diffusion coefficient from noisy data

  • Emeline Schmisser
Article

Abstract

We consider a diffusion process (X t ) t ≥ 0, with drift b(x) and diffusion coefficient σ(x). At discrete times t k  = k δ for k from 1 to M, we observe noisy data of the sample path, \({Y_{k\delta}=X_{k\delta}+\varepsilon_{k}}\) . The random variables \({\left(\varepsilon_{k}\right)}\) are i.i.d, centred and independent of (X t ). The process (X t ) t ≥ 0 is assumed to be strictly stationary, β-mixing and ergodic. In order to reduce the noise effect, we split data into groups of equal size p and build empirical means. The group size p is chosen such that Δ = p δ is small whereas M δ is large. Then, the diffusion coefficient σ 2 is estimated in a compact set A in a non-parametric way by a penalized least squares approach and the risk of the resulting adaptive estimator is bounded. We provide several examples of diffusions satisfying our assumptions and we carry out various simulations. Our simulation results illustrate the theoretical properties of our estimators.

Keywords

Diffusion coefficient Model selection Noisy data Non-parametric estimation Stationary distribution 

Mathematics Subject Classification

Primary 62G08 Secondary 62M05 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire Paul PainlevéUniversité Lille 1Villeneuve d’AscqFrance

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