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A Body Image Resilience Model for First-Year College Women

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate Choate’s (2005) theoretical model of body image resilience by examining the association among protective factors and body image. First-year college women (N = 301) from two universities in the United States (one in the South and one in the Northeast) completed questionnaires assessing five protective factors. The hypothesized model fit the data well. As predicted, high family support; low levels of perceived sociocultural pressure from family, friends, and media regarding the importance of achieving a thin-and beautiful ideal; rejection of the superwoman ideal; positive physical self-concept; and active coping skills contributed to a woman’s overall wellness, which was associated with a more positive body image. Results can inform prevention for young women at risk for eating disorders and suggest specific counseling interventions to improve body dissatisfaction and initial maladaptive eating practices.

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Correspondence to Shannon Snapp.

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Snapp, S., Hensley-Choate, L. & Ryu, E. A Body Image Resilience Model for First-Year College Women. Sex Roles 67, 211–221 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-012-0163-1

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Keywords

  • Body image
  • Protective factors
  • Resilience
  • First-year college women
  • Young women