Exploring the Science Behind Sex and Gender Differences in Cognitive Abilities
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It has been over four decades since Maccoby and Jacklin (1974) published their landmark text, The Psychology of Sex Differences, which was the first to review in a systematic way differences between males and females in thought and behavior.
Considerable progress has been made since their narrative review both in the body of knowledge of psychology and the statistical techniques we use to assess experimental findings, such as meta-analysis. The very notion of gender differences is still controversial though. Some theorists argue passionately either that they do not exist, or are too small to be of practical impact (Fine 2010; Hyde 2005), while others argue for innate biological differences between males and females (Kimura 2000). There is a vast body of literature to evaluate and huge educational, occupational and social implications to the answers to such questions. To whom should we look for a critical and objective analysis of the body of research studying the issue of cognitive...
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