Advertisement

Sex Roles

, Volume 66, Issue 5–6, pp 392–404 | Cite as

College Student Perceptions of Criminal Justice System Responses to Stalking

  • Amy I. CassEmail author
  • André B. Rosay
Original Article

Abstract

In the current study, a survey was administered to 513 U.S. undergraduate college students from a large east coast university to examine whether extra-legal factors influenced their personal judgments of criminal justice system responsiveness to stalking. MANOVA results indicated that students believed police and prosecutors would not treat analogous cases similarly (this bias was not apparent with judges). College students perceived that prior relationship and target/offender gender would impact arrest decisions, and that target/offender gender would also impact police investigations and the filing of criminal charges. Potential explanations and practical implications of these findings are discussed, as well as directions for future research.

Keywords

Stalking Gender Perceptions Police Criminal justice responses 

References

  1. Baum, K., Catalano, S., Rand, M., & Rose, K. (2009). Stalking victimization in the United States. Washington, DC: Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Department of Justice.Google Scholar
  2. Bogle, K. (2007). The shift from dating to hooking up in college: What scholars have missed. Sociology Compass, 1, 775–788.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Burcar, V., & Akerstrom, M. (2009). Negotiating a victim’s identity: Young men as victims of violence. Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, 10, 37–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2 nd Ed.). Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  5. Cupach, W., & Spitzberg, B. (2000). Obsessive relational intrusion: Incidence, perceived severity, and coping. Violence and Victims, 15, 357–372.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Cupach, W., & Spitzberg, B. (2004). The dark side of relationship pursuit: From attraction to obsession and stalking. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  7. Dennison, S., & Thomson, D. (2000). Community perceptions of stalking: What are the fundamental concerns? Psychiatry, Psychology, and Law, 7, 159–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dennison, S., & Thomson, D. (2002). Identifying stalking: The relevance of intent in commonsense reasoning. Law and Human Behavior, 26, 543–561.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dunn, J. (2002). Courting disaster: Intimate stalking, culture, and criminal justice. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  10. Emerson, R., Ferris, K., & Brooks-Gardner, C. (1998). On being stalked. Social Problems, 45, 289–314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Farrell, G., Weisburd, D., & Wyckoff, L. (2000, October). Survey results suggest need for stalking training. The Police Chief, 163–167.Google Scholar
  12. Fisher, B., Cullen, F., & Turner, M. (2000). The sexual victimization of college women. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Department of Justice.Google Scholar
  13. Fremouw, W., Westrup, D., & Pennypacker, J. (1997). Stalking on campus: The prevalence and strategies for coping with stalking. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 42, 666–669.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. George, D., & Mallery, P. (2010). SPSS for Windows step by step: A simple study guide and reference (10th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.Google Scholar
  15. Gottfredson, M., & Hindelang, M. (1979). A study of the behavior of law. American Sociological Review, 44, 3–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hall, D. (1998). The victims of stalking. In J. R. Meloy (Ed.), The psychology of stalking (pp. 113–137). San Diego: Academic.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hills, A., & Taplin, J. (1998). Anticipated responses to stalking: Effect of threat and target-stalker relationship. Psychiatry, Psychology, and Law, 5, 139–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Jordan, C. E., Wilcox, P., & Pritchard, A. J. (2007). Stalking acknowledgement and reporting among college women experiencing intrusive behaviors: Implications for the emergence of a “classic stalking case.” Journal of Criminal Justice, 35, 556–569.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kamphuis, J. H., Galeazzi, G. M., De Fazio, L., Emmelkamp, P. M. G., Farnham, F., Groenen, A., et al. (2005). Stalking: Perceptions and attitudes amongst helping professions: An EU cross-national comparison. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 12, 215–225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kinkade, P., Burns, R., & Fuentes, A. (2005). Criminalizing attractions: Perceptions of stalking and the stalker. Crime and Delinquency, 51, 3–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Klein, A., Salomon, A., Huntington, N., Dubois, J, & Lange, D. (2009). A statewide study of stalking and its criminal justice response. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Department of Justice.Google Scholar
  22. Langhinrichsen-Rohling, J., Palarea, R., Cohen, J., & Rohling, M. (2000). Breaking up is hard to do: Unwanted pursuit behaviors following the dissolution of a romantic relationship. Violence and Victims, 15, 73–90.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Modena Group on Stalking. (2005). Recognition and perceptions of stalking by police officers and general practitioners: A multi-centre European study. In Modena Group on Stalking (Ed.), Female victims of stalking and helping professions: Recognition and intervention models: A multi-centre European study (pp. 82–111). Italy: Franco Angeli.Google Scholar
  24. Pain, R. (1997). Whither women’s fear? Perceptions of sexual violence in public and private space. International Review of Victimology, 4, 297–312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Pain, R. (2000). Place, social relations and the fear of crime: A review. Progress in Human Geography, 24, 365–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Pathe, M., & Mullen, P. (1997). The impact of stalkers on their victims. British Journal of Psychiatry, 170, 12–17.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Phillips, L., Quirk, R., Rosenfeld, B., & O’Connor, M. (2004). Is it stalking? Perceptions of stalking among college undergraduates. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 31, 73–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Pollak, O. (1950). The criminality of women. New York: A.S. Barnes.Google Scholar
  29. Purcell, R., Pathe, M., & Mullen, P. (2001). A study of women who stalk. American Journal of Psychiatry, 158, 2056–2060.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Sarat, A., & Felstiner, W. (1986). Law and strategy in the divorce lawyer’s office. Law and Society Review, 20, 93–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sheridan, L., Gillett, R., Davies, G., Blaauw, E., & Patel, D. (2003). There’s no smoke without fire: Are male ex-partners perceived as more ‘entitled’ to stalk than acquaintance or stranger stalkers? British Journal of Psychology, 94, 87–98.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Sheridan, L., Gillett, R., Davies, G., Sheridan, L., Gillett, R., & Davies, G. (2002). Perceptions and prevalence of stalking in a male sample. Psychology, Crime, and Law, 8, 289–310.Google Scholar
  33. Sheridan, L., Davies, G., & Boon, J. (2001). Stalking: perceptions and prevalence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 16, 151–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Sinclair, H. C., & Frieze, I. H. (2000). Initial courtship behavior and stalking: How should we draw the line? Violence and Victims, 15, 23–40.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Spears, J., & Spohn, C. (1997). The effect of evidence factors and victim characteristics on prosecutors’ charging decisions in sexual assault cases. Justice Quarterly, 14, 501–524.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Spitzberg, B. (2002). The tactical topography of stalking victimization and management. Trauma, Violence and Abuse, 3, 261–288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Tjaden, P., & Thoennes, N. (1998). Stalking in America: Findings from the National Violence Against Women Survey. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.Google Scholar
  38. Tjaden, P., Thoennes, N., & Allison, C. (2000). Comparing stalking victimization from legal and victim perspectives. Violence and Victims, 15, 7–22.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.California State University, FullertonFullertonUSA
  2. 2.University of Alaska AnchorageAnchorageAlaska

Personalised recommendations