Sex Roles

, Volume 65, Issue 11, pp 867–879

Gender and Suicide Method: Do Women Avoid Facial Disfiguration?

Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11199-011-0043-0

Cite this article as:
Callanan, V.J. & Davis, M.S. Sex Roles (2011) 65: 867. doi:10.1007/s11199-011-0043-0


This study hypothesizes that women are less likely than men to use suicide methods that disfigure the face. Gender differences in the use of suicide methods that disfigure the face were examined using medical examiner’s files of 621 suicides covering a 10-year period from Summit County, Ohio in the U.S. Results showed that while firearms are the preferred method for both women and men, women were less likely to shoot themselves in the head. A series of logistic regression analyses revealed that gender, age, stressful life events and prior suicide attempts were predictors of methods that disfigure the face/head. Significant differences between men and women in correlates of suicide method emerged when the sample was split by gender. The results support the position that women who commit suicide are more likely than men who commit suicide to avoid facial disfiguration.


Suicide Gendered explanations Firearms 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyThe University of AkronAkronUSA
  2. 2.Criminal Justice Research CenterThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA

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