Sex Roles

, Volume 63, Issue 9–10, pp 682–696 | Cite as

Masculinities, the Metrosexual, and Media Images: Across Dimensions of Age and Ethnicity

  • Donnalyn Pompper
Original Article


By inviting two generations of ethnically diverse men to define masculinity, this study makes visible ways men conform to, negotiate, and resist forces of hegemonic masculinity in the 21st century. Masculine gender role conflict theory provides underpinning for a textual analysis of empirical evidence gathered among U.S. young college men (N = 80) in focus groups and their fathers/uncles (N = 27) during interviews. Findings suggest that masculinities predominantly are defined in non-physical terms. Perspectives offered by African-American/Black, Asian, Caucasian/White, and Hispanic/Latino men offer nuanced cross-cultural constructions and meanings of masculinities and influences that shape their sense of self. Reported overall was anxiety, confusion, and frustration—especially with regard to the metrosexual and (in)ability to measure up to media-promoted male body images.


Body image Masculinities Age Ethnicity Media Metrosexual Masculine gender role conflict theory 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Temple UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA

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