Sex Roles

, Volume 63, Issue 5–6, pp 386–398

Psychosocial Correlates of Body Image and Body Change Behaviors Among Malaysian Adolescent Boys and Girls

  • David Mellor
  • Lina A. Ricciardelli
  • Marita P. McCabe
  • James Yeow
  • Norul Hidayah bt Mamat
  • Noor Fizlee bt Mohd Hapidzal
Original Article


This study used a psychosocial framework to investigate the relationships between BMI, body dissatisfaction, body change behaviors and mental health/behavioral problems amongst a sample of 513 Malay, Indian and Chinese adolescent boys and girls in Malaysia who completed questionnaires assessing these variables. Expected gender differences were not found in relation to body dissatisfaction or engagement in strategies to increase weight, but boys reported greater engagement in strategies to increase muscles. Relationships between body dissatisfaction and engagement in body change behaviors and mental health/behavioral problems varied across race and gender. These findings suggest that the psychosocial framework is a useful way to conceptualise body dissatisfaction and related behaviors, and that caution should be exercised in generalising findings across gender and culture.


Body image Body change strategies Malaysia Psychosocial model 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Mellor
    • 1
  • Lina A. Ricciardelli
    • 1
  • Marita P. McCabe
    • 1
  • James Yeow
    • 2
  • Norul Hidayah bt Mamat
    • 2
  • Noor Fizlee bt Mohd Hapidzal
    • 2
  1. 1.School of PsychologyDeakin UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.School of Social Science & Liberal ArtsUCSI UniversityKuala LumpurMalaysia

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