Sex Roles

, Volume 60, Issue 11–12, pp 765–778 | Cite as

Ambivalent Sexism and Power-Related Gender-role Ideology in Marriage

Original Article


Glick-Fiske’s (1996) Ambivalent Sexism Inventory(ASI) and a new Gender-Role Ideology in Marriage (GRIM) inventory examine ambivalent sexism toward women, predicting power-related, gender-role beliefs about mate selection and marriage norms. Mainland Chinese, 552, and 252 U.S. undergraduates participated. Results indicated that Chinese and men most endorsed hostile sexism; Chinese women more than U.S. women accepted benevolent sexism. Both Chinese genders prefer home-oriented mates (women especially seeking a provider and upholding him; men especially endorsing male-success/female-housework, male dominance, and possibly violence). Both U.S. genders prefer considerate mates (men especially seeking an attractive one). Despite gender and culture differences in means, ASI-GRIM correlations replicate across those subgroups: Benevolence predicts initial mate selection; hostility predicts subsequent marriage norms.


Hostile sexism Benevolent sexism Mate selection Gender roles Marriage norms 



This research was sponsored by Chinese Ministry of Education’s Social Science Research Program (08JA630027) for the first author and by Princeton University’s research funds for the second author.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Huazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyPrinceton UniversityPrincetonUSA

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