Sex Roles

, Volume 60, Issue 3–4, pp 198–207 | Cite as

Body Image Concerns and Contingent Self-Esteem in Male and Female College Students

  • Joel R. GrossbardEmail author
  • Christine M. Lee
  • Clayton Neighbors
  • Mary E. Larimer
Original Article


Body dissatisfaction in females, and to a lesser extent males, is associated with low self-esteem, depression, and eating disorders. This research examined gender as a moderator of the association between contingent self-esteem and body image concerns, including weight and muscularity. Participants included 359 (59.1% female) heavy drinking first-year U.S. undergraduate students who completed a survey assessing health-related risk behaviors. Hierarchical multiple regression was used to examine relations among gender, contingent self-esteem, and body image. Females reported higher levels of contingent self-esteem and greater concerns about their weight, although males reported a greater drive for muscularity. The relationship between contingent self-esteem and weight concerns was stronger among females, and for males, greater contingent self-esteem was associated with a greater drive for muscularity.


Body image Muscularity Contingent self-esteem Weight concerns 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joel R. Grossbard
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christine M. Lee
    • 1
  • Clayton Neighbors
    • 1
  • Mary E. Larimer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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