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Gender Differences in Psychological Distress Among Latin American Immigrants to the Canary Islands

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Abstract

We compared gender differences in rates and correlates of psychological distress among Latin American immigrants to the Canary Islands, Spain. Immigrant men (n = 150) and women (n = 150) completed questionnaires about demographic and migration characteristics, immigration demands, and psychological distress. Women reported more distress and immigration demands related to loss and occupation than men. For women, not being employed full time and immigration demands related to loss, novelty, occupation, and language were significantly related to distress. For men, living with children/grandchildren and immigration demands related to novelty and not feeling at home were significantly related to distress. Study findings suggest that women are at higher risk for psychological distress and that sources of psychological distress are gender specific.

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Acknowledgment

This research was supported by a funding from Wayne State University and the Canarian Institute of Women.

Author information

Correspondence to Karen J. Aroian.

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Aroian, K.J., Norris, A.E., González de Chávez Fernández, M.A. et al. Gender Differences in Psychological Distress Among Latin American Immigrants to the Canary Islands. Sex Roles 59, 107–118 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-008-9418-2

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Keywords

  • Immigrants
  • Gender
  • Psychological distress
  • Hispanics