Sex Roles

, Volume 58, Issue 5–6, pp 342–357

Time Use, Time Pressure and Gendered Behavior in Early and Late Adolescence

Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11199-007-9347-5

Cite this article as:
Hilbrecht, M., Zuzanek, J. & Mannell, R.C. Sex Roles (2008) 58: 342. doi:10.1007/s11199-007-9347-5


Using a stratified sample of Canadian adolescents residing in Ontario (n = 2,154) time use patterns and perceptions of time pressure are explored to determine gender differences among younger (12–14 years) and older adolescents (15–19 years). For both age groups, girls report a higher total workload of schoolwork, domestic activities and paid employment and spend more time on personal care while boys have more free time, especially during early adolescence. Feelings of time pressure for teens increase with age and are significantly higher for girls in both age categories. Gender differences are less pronounced on school days when time is fairly structured, but become more consistent with traditional gender schema on the weekend when time use is more discretionary.


Adolescence Time use Time pressure Gender gap Gender schema 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Margo Hilbrecht
    • 1
  • Jiri Zuzanek
    • 1
  • Roger C. Mannell
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Recreation and Leisure StudiesUniversity of WaterlooWaterlooCanada

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