Sex Roles

, Volume 57, Issue 7–8, pp 515–525

Hidden Sexism: Facial Prominence and Its Connections to Gender and Occupational Status in Popular Print Media

Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11199-007-9276-3

Cite this article as:
Matthews, J.L. Sex Roles (2007) 57: 515. doi:10.1007/s11199-007-9276-3


A total of 779 article-embedded photographs from six popular US magazines during 2004 (Newsweek, Time, Fortune, Money, People, and Sports Illustrated) were examined assessing the relationship between occupational status and gender and the depiction of men and women in print media. Results show individuals depicted in intellectually focused occupations had higher face-to-body ratios than individuals depicted in physically focused occupations. Gender differences in facial prominence did not reach significance. A gender by occupation interaction indicated men in intellectually focused occupations had higher face-to-body ratios than women in similar professions, whereas women in physical occupations had higher face-to-body ratios than men in similar occupations. This suggests a disparity in the media with regard to displaying men and women equally in similar occupational roles.


Facial prominence Occupational status Media Gender 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyCalifornia State University, FresnoFresnoUSA
  2. 2.School of Social Sciences, Humanities, and ArtsUniversity of California, MercedMercedUSA

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