Sex Roles

, Volume 55, Issue 3–4, pp 197–208

Antecedents and Consequences of Perceived Personal Gender Discrimination: A Study of Solicitors in Hong Kong

Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11199-006-9073-4

Cite this article as:
Foley, S., Ngo, H. & Loi, R. Sex Roles (2006) 55: 197. doi:10.1007/s11199-006-9073-4


Informed by social identity theory, we developed a model to examine the antecedents and consequences of perceptions of personal gender discrimination. In the model, gender, gender identity, and perceived gender bias against women are considered as salient predictors of perceived personal gender discrimination, and organizational commitment and intentions to leave are considered as the outcome variables. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to analyze the data collected from a sample of practicing solicitors in Hong Kong. We found that (a) women perceived more personal gender discrimination and gender bias against women than did men, (b) gender moderated the relationship between perceived gender bias against women and perceived personal gender discrimination, (c) the positive effect of gender bias against women on gender discrimination was more strongly positive for women than for men, and (d) perceived personal gender discrimination affected organizational commitment and intentions to leave. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.


Gender discrimination Gender bias Social identity theory Legal profession 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Chinese University of Hong KongDepartment of ManagementHong KongChina

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