Marital Status and Health Beliefs: Different Relations for Men and Women
- 246 Downloads
Although relations between marital status and health have been substantiated, the results of relatively few studies suggest how or why marriage is associated with health. To understand how marriage and health are associated, this study was designed to examine the role of health beliefs. Two thousand two hundred and six (2,206) adults who participated in the New Jersey Family Health Survey provided information about their marital status, proactive health beliefs, and proactive health behaviors. Results indicated that being married (vs. single) was positively associated with men's proactive health beliefs, whereas marriage did not appear to influence women's proactive health beliefs positively. Significant relations between participants' reports of proactive health beliefs and proactive health behaviors were found. Findings are discussed in terms of the importance of understanding the complex nature of associations between social relationships and health.
Keywordsmarriage health beliefs health behaviors gender differences protective effects of marriage
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
- Brownlee, S. (1997). Perceived vulnerability to illness. Dissertation Abstracts International, 58-07B. (University Microfilms No. 9800237).Google Scholar
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2004). Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Questionnaire. Retrieved November 22, 2004, from http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/brfss/pdf-ques/2001brfss.pdf.
- Courtenay, W. H. (2000). Engendering health: A social constructionist examination of men's health beliefs and behaviors. Psychology of Men and Masculinity, 1, 4–15.Google Scholar
- Eagly, A. H. (1987). Sex differences in social behavior: A social role interpretation. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
- Hochbaum, G. (1958). Public participation in medical screening programs (DHEW Publication No. 572, Public Health Services). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
- Horwitz, A. V., White, H. R., & Howell-White, S. (1996). Becoming married and mental health: A longitudinal study of a cohort of young adults. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 58, 895–907.Google Scholar
- Lewis, M. A., Rook, K. S., & Schwarzer, R. (1994). Social support, social control, and health among the elderly. In G. N. Penny, P. Bennett, & M. Herbert (Eds.), Health psychology: A lifespan perspective (pp. 191–211). Philadelphia: Harwood Academic.Google Scholar
- Marcenes, W., & Sheiham, S. (1996). The relationship between marital quality and oral health status. Psychology and Health, 11, 357–369.Google Scholar
- Rosenstock, I. M. (1990). The health belief model: Explaining health behavior through expectancies. In K. Glanz, F. M. Lewis, & B. K. Rimer (Eds.), Health behavior and education: Theory, research and practice (pp. 39–62). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
- Rosenstock, I. M. (2004). Health belief model. In A. E. Kazdin (Ed.), Encyclopedia of psychology (Vol. 4, pp. 78–80). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
- Ross, C. E., Mirowsky, J., & Goldsteen, K. (1990). The impact of the family on health: The decade in review. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 52, 1059–1078.Google Scholar
- Vitaliano, P. P., Young, H. M., Russo, J., Romano, J., & Magana-Amato, A. (1993). Does expressed emotion in spouses predict subsequent problems among care recipients with Alzheimer's disease? Journal of Gerontology, 48, 202–209.Google Scholar
- Weinstein, N. D., Rothman, A. J., & Sutton, S. R. (2003). Stage theories of health behavior: Conceptual and methodological issues. In P. Salovey & A. J. Rothman (Eds.), The social psychology of health (pp. 50–62). New York: Psychology Press.Google Scholar
- Wickrama, K. A. S., Lorenz, F. O., Conger, R. D., & Elder, G. H. (1997). Marital quality and physical illness: A latent growth curve analysis. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 59, 143–155.Google Scholar
- Zautra, A. J., Hoffman, J. M., Matt, K. S., Yocum, D., Potter, P. T., Castro, W. L., et al. (1998). An examination of individual differences in the relationship between interpersonal stress and disease activity among women with rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Care and Research, 11, 271–279.PubMedGoogle Scholar