Objectification Theory as It Relates to Disordered Eating Among College Women


Objectification theory (B. L. Fredrickson & T. A. Roberts, 1997) demonstrates how sociocultural variables work together with psychological variables to predict disordered eating. Researchers have tested models that illustrate how certain constructsof objectification theory predict disordered eating, but a more comprehensive model that integrates a combination of constructs central to the theory (i.e., sexual objectification; self-objectification; body shame; poor interoceptive awareness of hunger, satiety, and emotions) has not yet been examined. In this study, we incorporated these variables within an inclusive model based on the assertions of B. L. Fredrickson and T. A. Roberts (1997) and examined it with 460 college women. Structural equation modeling analyses suggested that the model provided a good fit to the data and supported most propositions set forth by objectification theory and the eating disorders literature.

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Correspondence to Tracy L. Tylka.

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Tylka, T.L., Hill, M.S. Objectification Theory as It Relates to Disordered Eating Among College Women. Sex Roles 51, 719–730 (2004) doi:10.1007/s11199-004-0721-2

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  • eating disorders
  • objectification theory
  • body image
  • college women