Super-Hyperbolic Man: Hyperbole as an Ideological Discourse Strategy in Trump’s Speeches
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This article attempts to study the use of hyperboles in Trump’s political speeches. Trump built his presidential campaign on a racist stage based on anti-immigration (anti-Muslims and Mexicans), anti-Obama, and anti-Clinton foreign policy. By following McCarthy and Carter (J Pragmat 36:149–184, 2004) approach, the article aims to find out how Trump uses hyperbole to achieve persuasive political interests. The article also aims to demonstrate how hyperbole as an ideological strategy plays a crucial role in the positive representation of Trump and the American natives, and the negative representation of other immigrants, Clinton’s foreign policy, and Obama’s administration. In order to achieve the aims, the data consist of (19) selected speeches spoken by Trump during his 2015–2016 election campaign. The article adopts a mixed method of both, qualitative and quantitative analysis in order to obtain credible results and also to overcome the subjective nature of the qualitative analysis. The results show that Trump uses different types of hyperbolic expressions such as number, amount and quantity, time, adjectives and adverbs of size, degree, and intensity, metaphor, repetition, polysyndeton, and complex modifications to persuade people, influence their minds, distract them away from Clinton, win the presidency, and become the 45th president of the United States of America.
KeywordsHyperboles Overstatement Us-them discourse Trump Clinton Obama
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Websites of Trump’s Speeches
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- 33.http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=116597. “Remarks at the AIPAC Policy Conference in Washington, DC” March 21, 2016, 2353 words.
- 34.http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=117813. “Remarks on Foreign Policy at the National Press Club in Washington, DC” April 27, 2016, 3511 words.
- 35.http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=117790. “Remarks at Trump SoHo in New York City” June 22, 2016, 3364 words.
- 36.http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=117815. “Remarks in Virginia Beach, Virginia” July 11, 2016, 2528 words.
- 37.http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=117791. “Remarks Introducing Governor Mike Pence as the 2016 Republican Vice Presidential Nominee in New York City” July 16, 2016, 4177 words.
- 38.http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=117935. “Address Accepting the Presidential Nomination at the Republican National Convention in Cleveland, Ohio” July 21, 2016, 5113 words.
- 39.http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=123199. “Remarks at the KI Convention Center in Green Bay, Wisconsin” August 5, 2016, 9486 words.
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- 41.http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=119503. “Remarks at Youngstown State University in Youngstown, Ohio” August 15, 2016, 4906 words.
- 42.http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=123197. “Remarks at the Summit Sports and Ice Complex in Dimondale, Michigan” August 19, 2016, 4279 words.
- 43.http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=123198. “Remarks at the Mississippi Coliseum in Jackson, Mississippi” August 24, 2016, 4425 words.
- 44.http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=119177. “Remarks at the Union League of Philadelphia in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania” September 7, 2016, 2377 words.
- 45.http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=119195. “Remarks at the Cleveland Arts and Social Sciences Academy in Cleveland, Ohio” September 8, 2016, 2710 words.
- 46.http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=119178. “Remarks at the US Cellular Center in Asheville, North Carolina” September 12, 2016, 1525 words.
- 47.http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=119209. “Remarks to the Economic Club of New York at the Waldorf Astoria in New York City” September 15, 2016, 3057 words.
- 48.http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=119200. “Remarks at a Rally at the Mid-America Center in Council Bluffs, Iowa” September 28, 2016, 2018 words.
- 49.http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=122535. “Remarks on Obamacare in Valley Forge, Pennsylvania” November 1, 2016, 2352 words.
- 50.http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=119495. “Remarks in New York City Accepting Election as the 45th President of the United States” November 9, 2016, 1590 words.