Specialization and multidisciplinarity of scholarly book publishers: differences between Spanish University Presses and other scholarly publishers
In this work, the authors propose a definition of book publishers’ specialization-multidisciplinarity and apply the operative definition to a set of 1952 Spanish publishers in 16 fields of the Social Sciences and the Humanities. The definition of specialization-multidisciplinarity is made operative with an entropy-based indicator. The indicator was applied to a set of Spanish scholarly publishers. It was hypothesized that University Presses (UPs hereafter) were significantly more multidisciplinary (or less specialized) than the rest of the publishers according to the values of the indicator. Chi square tests show that the proportion of UPs among the most multidisciplinary publishers is significantly greater than randomly expected. For the settings of this study the hypothesis is confirmed with a p value < 0.01. At the level of discipline, the concentration of titles was studied using Gini Coefficient, finding differences between disciplines within the range of 0.5. The specific features of university presses are discussed as possible explanations for the observed differences in thematic specialization.
KeywordsBook publishers Scholarly publishers Social sciences and humanities Specialization Publisher’s metadata
Funding was provided by Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (Grant No. CSO2015-63693-P).
- AAUP. (2017). Association of American University Presses. About University presses. Online resource available at: http://www.aaupnet.org/about-aaup/about-university-presses.
- Adams, J., & Testa, J. (2011). Thomson Reuters book citation index. In The 13th conference of the international society for scientometrics and informetrics (Vol. 1, pp. 13–18).Google Scholar
- AEUP. Association of European University Presses. (2007). The need for AEUP. Online resource available at: http://www.aeup.eu/aeup/about/the-need-for-aeup/.
- ANECA. (2008). Principios y orientaciones para la aplicación de los criterios de evaluación, http://www.aneca.es/content/download/10527/118089/version/1/file/academia_14_ppiosyorientaciones.pdf.
- DILVE. (2017). Online resource available at: https://www.dilve.es/dilve/dilveweb/index_dilve.jsp.
- Elsevier. (2013). Elsevier Announces its Scopus Books Titles Expansion program. Available at: https://www.elsevier.com/about/press-releases/science-and-technology/elsevier-announces-its-scopus-book-titles-expansion-program.
- Giménez-Toledo. (2017). La edición académica española. Indicadores y características. Report available at: http://ilia.cchs.csic.es/SPI/spi-fgee/docs/EAEV1.pdf.
- Gini, C. (1912). Variabilità e Mutuabilità. Contributo allo Studio delle Distribuzioni e delle Relazioni Statistiche. Bologna: C. Cuppini.Google Scholar
- Michavila, F. (dir.). (2012). La Universidad española en cifras. Madrid: CRUE, http://www.crue.org/.Publicaciones/Documents/UEC/LA_UNIVERSIDAD_ESPANOLA_EN_CIFRAS.pdf.
- Puuska, H.-M. (2014). Scholarly Publishing Patterns in Finland: A comparison of disciplinary groups. Tampere: Tampere University Press.Google Scholar
- Thompson, J. B. (2005). Books in the digital age: The transformation of academic and higher education publishing in Britain and the United States. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
- UNE. (2014). Interview with Rafael Van Grieken, head of ANECA. Available at: http://www.une.es/media/Ou1/Image/webmayo2014/UNElibros%2028%20DIG.pdf.
- Verleysen, F. (2016). Books in the social sciences and humanities: analyses of scholarly publication patterns in Flanders based on the VABB-SHW (Doctoral dissertation, University of Antwerp).Google Scholar