Are predatory journals undermining the credibility of science? A bibliometric analysis of citers
- 1.6k Downloads
Warnings against publishing in predatory journals are plentiful and so are the suggested solutions to the problem. The existing studies all confirm that authors of articles published in potential predatory journals are typically young, inexperienced and from Asia or Africa. To what extend we can consider the problem negligible is determined by the impact they are having on the scholarly communication in terms of publications and citations. The existing literature can provide more information about the former than the latter. This paper is an analysis of potential predatory journals as well as potential poor scientific standards journals. Citations to 124 potential predatory journals and poor scientific standards journals are looked up in Scopus and the citing authors analysed in regards to geographic location, publications and citations. The results show that the characteristics of the citing author indeed resemble those of the publishing author. Implications for recommendations and future research are discussed.
KeywordsPredatory journals Citing authors Citation analysis
The author gratefully acknowledges the valuable assistance with the initial data collection by Regine Ejstrup.
- Beall, J. (2015a). Criteria for determining predatory open-access publishers. Scholarly openaccess. https://scholarlyoa.files.wordpress.com/2015/01/criteria-2015.pdf. Accessed 28 May 2016.
- da Silva, J. A. T. (2015). A response to the editorial on predatory publishing. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 7(15), 8305–8306.Google Scholar
- Deprez, E. E., & Chen, C. (2017). Medical journals have a fake news problem. Bloomsberg Businessweek, Aug 29, available at Deprez, E. E., & Chen C. (2017). https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2017-08-29/medical-journals-have-a-fake-news-problem. Accessed 15 sept 2017.
- Frandsen, T. F. (2017). Identifying predatory journals: Checklists and frameworks. Unpublished material.Google Scholar
- Gasparyan, A. Y., Yessirkepov, M., Voronov, A. A., Gerasimov, A. N., Kostyukova, E. I., & Kitas, G. D. (2015). Preserving the integrity of citations and references by all stakeholders of science communication. Journal of Korean Medical Science, 30(11), 1545–1552. doi: 10.3346/jkms.2015.30.11.1545.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Nwagwu, W. E. (2016). Open access in the developing regions: Situating the altercations about predatory publishing. Canadian Journal of Information and Library Science-Revue Canadienne Des Sciences De L Information Et De Bibliotheconomie, 40(1), 58–80.Google Scholar
- Olivarez, J. D., Bales, S., & Sare, L. (Forthcoming). Format Aside: Applying Beall’s Criteria to Assess the Predatory Nature of both OA and Non-OA Library and Information Science Journals. College & Research Libraries.Google Scholar
- Oransky, D. (2017). Predatory journals: Not just a problem in developing world countries, says new Nature paper. Retraction Watch, September 6.Google Scholar
- Raghavan, R., Dahanukar, N., Knight, J. D. M., Bijukumar, A., Katwate, U., Krishnakumar, K., et al. (2014). Predatory journals and Indian ichthyology. Current Science, 107(5), 740–742.Google Scholar
- Watkinson, A., Nicholas, D., Thornley, C., Herman, E., Jamali, H. R., Volentine, R., et al. (2016). Changes in the digital scholarly environment and issues of trust: An exploratory, qualitative analysis. Information Processing and Management, 52(3), 446–458. doi: 10.1016/j.ipm.2015.10.002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar