Advertisement

Scientometrics

, Volume 113, Issue 2, pp 867–888 | Cite as

Oncology research in late twentieth century and turn of the century Portugal: a scientometric approach to its institutional and semantic dimensions

  • Oriana Rainho Brás
  • Jean-Philippe Cointet
  • Alberto Cambrosio
  • Leonor David
  • João Arriscado Nunes
  • Fátima Cardoso
  • Carmen Jerónimo
Article

Abstract

This paper analyses the developmental dynamics of oncology research in Portugal during the second half of the twentieth century and early twenty first century. Grounding its conclusions in a scientometric analysis of a database of publications covering the period 1976–2015, the paper shows how the expansion of oncology research from the end of the 1990s through the 2000s is closely related to science and technology policy decisions in the country. The main actors of the institutional evolution of the field are public organizations, both hospital and academia/research-based, frequently working together. Portuguese oncology research focused especially on organ-based cancers, underlining the strong link between the laboratory and the clinic. Accordingly, translational research is a major trend in oncology research, as evidenced by the analysis of publications in major journals and inter-citation maps. Networks of institutional co-authorships show the importance of regional and international collaborations. The collaboration patterns over time reveal the importance of national and European collaborations during the initial years covered by our publication database, in line with the major impact of Portugal’s integration into the European Union, and a growing importance of regional collaborations, as well as with North and South American institutions in more recent years. Portugal provides a case study of how twentieth century policies at the national and European levels have impacted on the evolution of oncology research in countries from southern Europe.

Keywords

Oncology research Institutional collaboration networks Semantic networks Portugal Scientometrics 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Oriana Rainho Brás would like to thank Diogo Cordeiro, Rita Rainho, and Tiago Ribeiro for their support.

Funding

This research was funded by Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, Bristol Myers Squibb and ASPIC-Portuguese Association for Cancer Research.

Supplementary material

11192_2017_2491_MOESM1_ESM.doc (24 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 24 kb)
11192_2017_2491_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (250 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (PDF 250 kb)
11192_2017_2491_MOESM3_ESM.pdf (74 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (PDF 75 kb)
11192_2017_2491_MOESM4_ESM.pdf (782 kb)
Supplementary material 4 (PNG 783 kb)
11192_2017_2491_MOESM5_ESM.png (2.3 mb)
Supplementary material 5 (PDF 2363 kb)
11192_2017_2491_MOESM6_ESM.pdf (430 kb)
Supplementary material 6 (PDF 431 kb)
11192_2017_2491_MOESM7_ESM.pdf (423 kb)
Supplementary material 7 (DOC 423 kb)

References

  1. Cambrosio, A., Keating, P., Mercier, S., Lewison, G., & Mogoutov, A. (2006). Mapping the emergence and development of translational cancer research. European Journal of Cancer, 42, 3140–3148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. CorTexT (2012). CorTexT digital plateform: Context, stakes and objectives. http://www.cortext.net/about-us/cortext-digital-plateform-context-stakes-and-objectives.html. Accessed June 3 2016.
  3. CorText (2016). CorTexT manager documentation. analysing data. Dynamical settings. https://docs.cortext.net/analysis-mapping-heterogeneous-networks/mapping-dynamical-analysis-options/. Accessed Sept 21 2016.
  4. Costa, R. M. P. (2010). Discurso médico, saúde pública e estratégias políticas para ‘Uma questão palpitante do tempo actual’: A emergência da luta contra o cancro em Portugal (1904–1923). Revista da Faculdade de Letras: História, 11(1), 135–164.Google Scholar
  5. Costa, R. M. P. (2012a). Between parasitic theory and experimental oncology: A proposal for systematizing oncological science in Portugal, 1889–1945. História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos, 19(2), 409–430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Costa, R. M. P. (2012b). Instituto Português de Oncologia: organização e dinâmica assistencial (1928–1958). Estudos do Século XX, 12, 311–333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Eckhouse, S., Castanas, E., Chieco-Bianchi, L., Cinca, S., Meunier, F., Moulton, B., et al. (2005). European cancer research funding survey. ECRMFORUM.Google Scholar
  8. Eckhouse, S., & Sullivan, R. (2006). A survey of public funding of cancer research in the European union. PLoS Medicine, 3(7), 0994–0997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gonçalves, M. E. (1996). The politics of science policy in the periphery of Europe: The case of Portugal. Science Technology & Society, 1(2), 291–310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Grassano, N., Rotolo, D., Hutton, J., Lang, F., Hopkins, M. (2016). Funding data from publication acknowledgments: Coverage, users and limitations. SPRU Working Paper Series. SWPS April 08 2016. University of Sussex. http://www.cla.org.pt/oquesao.shtml. Accessed June 3 2016.
  11. Heitor, M., Horta, H., & Mendonça, J. (2014). Developing human capital and research capacity: Science policies promoting brain gain. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 82, 6–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. IPO (2016). História do IPO. Criação do Instituto. Serviço Nacional de Saúde. http://www.ipolisboa.min-saude.pt/Default.aspx?Tag=DOSSIER&DossierId=6&ContentId=876&Id=00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000#content. Acessed Jan 9 2017.
  13. Jones, D. S., Cambrosio, A., & Mogoutov, A. (2011). Detection and characterization of translational research in cancer and cardiovascular medicine. Journal of Translational Medicine, 9, 57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Keating, P., & Cambrosio, A. (2012). Cancer on trial: Oncology as a new style of practice. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  15. Lewison, G., & Paraje, G. (2004). The classification of biomedical journals by research level. Scientometrics, 60(2), 145–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Nunes, J. A. (2001). Laboratórios, escalas e mediações na investigação biomédica. A oncobiologia entre o global e o local. In J. A. Nunes & M. E. Gonçalves (Eds.), Enteados de Galileu? A semiperiferia no sistema mundial de ciência (pp. 33–75). Porto: Edições Afrontamento.Google Scholar
  17. Pordata (2016). Scientific publications: Total and by scientific area—Global count—Portugal. http://www.pordata.pt/en/Portugal/Scientific+publications+total+and+by+scientific+area+%e2%80%93+Global+count-1137. Accessed Feb 9 2017.
  18. Ràfols, I., & Molas-Gallart, J. (2016). A call for inclusive indicators that explore research activities in “peripheral” topics and developing countries. The Impact blog. London School of Economics and Political Science. http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2016/03/01/a-call-for-inclusive-indicators-we-need-better-metrics-to-explore-research-activities-in-peripheral-topics-and-developing-countries/. Accessed June 2 2016.
  19. Raposo, H. (2004). A luta contra o cancro em Portugal. Análise do processo de institucionalização do Instituto Português de Oncologia. In Fórum Sociológico (no. 11/12, 2nd séries: pp. 177–203).Google Scholar
  20. Simões, J., Augusto, G. F., Fronteira, I., & Hernández-Quevedo, C. (2017). Portugal: Health system in review. Health Systems in Transition, 19(2), 1–184.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.SOCIUS-Research Centre in Economic and Organizational Sociology, CSG-Consortium of Social Sciences and Management, ISEG-School of Economics and ManagementUniversity of LisbonLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.ASPIC-Portuguese Association for Cancer ResearchPortoPortugal
  3. 3.LISIS-Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Sciences Innovations SociétésINRA-Institut National de la Recherche AgronomiqueMarne-la-ValléeFrance
  4. 4.Department of Social Studies of MedicineMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  5. 5.IPATIMUP-Institute of Molecular Pathology and Immunology of the University of PortoPortoPortugal
  6. 6.Medical FacultyUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal
  7. 7.i3S-Instituto de Investigação e Inovação em Saúde, Universidade do PortoPortoPortugal
  8. 8.CES Centre for Social StudiesUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  9. 9.Faculty of EconomicsUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  10. 10.Champalimaud FoundationLisbonPortugal
  11. 11.Portuguese Oncology Institute of Porto (IPO Porto)PortoPortugal
  12. 12.ICBAS UP-Institute of Biomedical Sciences Abel Salazar, University of PortoPortoPortugal

Personalised recommendations