Scientific publication performance in post-communist countries: still lagging far behind
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We present a bibliometric comparison of publication performance in 226 scientific disciplines in the Web of Science (WoS) for six post-communist EU member states relative to six EU-15 countries of a comparable size. We compare not only overall country-level publication counts, but also high quality publication output where publication quality is inferred from the journal Article Influence Scores. As of 2010–2014, post-communist countries are still lagging far behind their EU counterparts, with the exception of a few scientific disciplines mainly in Slovenia. Moreover, research in post-communist countries tends to focus relatively more on quantity rather than quality. The relative publication performance of post-communist countries in the WoS is strongest in natural sciences and engineering. Future research is needed to reveal the underlying causes of these performance differences, which may include funding and productivity gaps, the historical legacy of the communist ideology, and Web of Science coverage differences.
KeywordsBibliometrics National comparison Scientometric indicators Article Influence Score Web of Science Post-communist Europe
Mathematics Subject Classification91F99
JEL ClassificationI23 I29
This study was completed with the support of the Czech Academy of Sciences, as part of its Strategy AV21. The authors wish to thank J. Kovařík for his help in obtaining information from the WoS, and two anonymous referees for valuable suggestions.
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