Journal copyright restrictions and actual open access availability: a study of articles published in eight top information systems journals (2010–2014)
- 831 Downloads
Most scholarly journals have explicit copyright restrictions for authors outlining how published articles, or earlier manuscript versions of such articles, may be distributed on the open web. Empirical research on the development of open access (OA) is still scarce and methodologically fragmented, and research on the relationship between journal copyright restrictions and actual free online availability is non-existent. In this study the free availability of articles published in eight top journals within the field of Information Systems (IS) is analyzed by observing the availability of all articles published in the journals during 2010–2014 (1515 articles in total) through the use of Google and Google Scholar. The web locations and document versions of retrieved articles for up to three OA copies per published article were categorized manually. The web findings were contrasted to journal copyright information and augmented with citation data for each article. Around 60 % of all published articles were found to have an OA copy available. The findings suggest that copyright restrictions weakly regulate actual author-side dissemination practice. The use of academic social networks (ASNs) for enabling online availability of research publications has grown increasingly popular, an avenue of research dissemination that most of the studied journal copyright agreements failed to explicitly accommodate.
KeywordsOpen access Copyright Information systems Academic social networks
- Archambault, E., Amyot, D., Deschamps, P., Nicol, A., Provencher, F., Rebout, L., and Roberge, G. (2014). Proportion of open access papers published in peer-reviewed journals at the European and world levels: 1996–2013. Science-Metrix report. Produced for the European commission DG research and innovation. http://science-metrix.com/files/science-metrix/publications/d_1.8_sm_ec_dg-rtd_proportion_oa_1996-2013_v11p.pdf. Accessed 1 Jul 2016.
- Beall, J. (2013). The Open-access movement is not really about open access. tripleC, 11(2), 589–597. http://triplec.at/index.php/tripleC/article/view/525. Accessed 1 Jul 2016.
- Björk, B-C., Welling, P., Laakso, M. (2011). Open accessibility to information systems research articles. In Proceedings of the 2011 ECIS Conference. Paper 149. http://aisel.aisnet.org/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1148andcontext=ecis2011. Accessed 1 Jul 2016.
- Gargouri, Y., Lariviére, V., Gingras, Y., and Harnad, S. (2012). Green and gold open access percentages and growth, by discipline. In E. Archambault, Y. Gingras, and V. Lariviére (Eds.), In Proceedings of 17th international conference on science and technology indicators. Montréal: Science-Metrix and OST. http://sticonference.org/Proceedings/vol1/Gargouri_Green_285.pdf. Accessed 20 Aug 2015.
- Harnad, S. (1995). Electronic scholarly publication: Quo vadis? Serials Review, 21(1), 70–72. http://cogprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/archive/00001691/00/harnad95.quo.vadis.html.
- Kingsley, DA., Kennan, MA. (2015). Open access: The whipping boy for problems in scholarly publishing, Communications of the Association for Information Systems. 37(1), 329–350. http://aisel.aisnet.org/cais/vol37/iss1/14. Accessed 1 Jul 2016.
- Lindman, J. (2015). Open access: A cause, but not the cause. Communications of the Association for Information Systems, 37(1), 352–356. Available at: http://aisel.aisnet.org/cais/vol37/iss1/15. Accessed 20 Aug 2015.
- Lowry, P.B., Moody, G., Gaskin, J., Galletta, D.F., Humpherys, Sean, Barlow, J., and Wilson, D. (2013). Evaluating Journal Quality and the Association for Information Systems (AIS) Senior Scholars’ Journal Basket via Bibliometric Measures: Do Expert Journal Assessments Add Value? MIS Quarterly, 37(4), 993–1012. http://aisel.aisnet.org/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3136andcontext=misq. Accessed 20 Aug 2015.
- Martín-Martín, A., Orduña-Malea, E., Ayllón, J.M. and Delgado López-Cózar, E. (2014). Does Google Scholar contain all highly cited documents (1950–2013)? EC3 Working Papers, 19. http://arxiv.org/pdf/1410.8464v4.pdf. Accessed 1 Jul 2016.
- Myers, M., Liu, F. (2009) What does the best is research look like? An analysis of the ais basket of top journals. PACIS 2009 Proceedings, 61. http://aisel.aisnet.org/pacis2009/61.
- oad.simmons.edu-Disciplinary repositories. http://oad.simmons.edu/oadwiki/Disciplinary_repositories. Accessed 27 Mar 2016.
- opendoar.org-The Directory of open access repositories. http://www.opendoar.org Accessed 20 Aug 2015.
- ResearchGate (2015). Celebrating seven million members and seven years of ResearchGate. Retrieved August 13, 2015, from https://www.researchgate.net/blog/post/celebrating-seven-million-members-and-seven-years-of-researchgate.
- ResearchGate (2015). ResearchGate fact sheet. Retrieved August 13, 2015, from http://www.researchgate.net/aboutus.AboutUsPress.downloadFile.html?name=rg_fact_sheet.pdf.
- SHERPA/RoMEO (2016) SHERPA/RoMEO: Publisher copyright policies and self-archiving. http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/. Accessed 20 Aug 2015.
- SPARC (2015) SPARC-The open access citation advantage: List of studies and results to date. http://sparceurope.org/oaca_table/. Accessed 27 Mar 2016.
- Suber, P. (2012). Open access. MIT Press. http://mitpress.mit.edu/books/open-access. Accessed 20 Aug 2015.
- Willinsky, J. (2005). The access principle: the case for open access to research and scholarship. MIT Press. http://mitpress.mit.edu/books/access-principle.