Scientometrics

, Volume 104, Issue 1, pp 175–191 | Cite as

The effect of university mergers on the Shanghai ranking

Article

Abstract

The growing influence of the idea of world-class universities and the associated phenomenon of international academic rankings are intriguing issues for contemporary comparative analyses of higher education. Although the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU or the Shanghai ranking) was originally devised to assess the gap between Chinese universities and world-class universities, it has since been credited with roles in stimulating higher education change on many scales, from increasing the labor value of individual high-performing scholars to wholesale renovation of national university systems including mergers. This paper exhibits the response of the ARWU indicators and rankings to institutional mergers in general, and specifically analyses the universities of France that are engaged in a major amalgamation process motivated in part by a desire for higher international rankings.

Keywords

Academic rankings Shanghai ARWU Mergers  French universities French higher education system 

References

  1. Aghion, P., & Cohen, E. (2004). Éducation et croissance. Paris: La Documentation française.Google Scholar
  2. Alix, J. P., & Andler, M. (2013). Is the new french research and education reform going far enough? Euro Scientist. http://www.euroscientist.com.
  3. Aula, H. M., & Tienari, J. (2011). Becoming “world-class”? Reputation-building in a university merger. Critical Perspectives in International Business, 7(1), 7–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Baron, M. (2010). The changes in the map of French universities since the 1960s: Findings and issues. Mouvement Social, 233, 93–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Billaut, J. C., Bouyssou, D., & Vincke, P. (2010). Should you believe in the Shanghai ranking: An MCDM view. Scientometrics, 84(1), 237–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bourdin, J. (2008). French senate—Rapport d’information sur le défi des classements dans l’enseignement supérieur. French Senate—Session Extraordinaire de 2007–2008.Google Scholar
  7. Chevaillier, T. (2013). Evaluation in French higher education: History, policy and debates. Scuola Democratica, 4(2), 619–627.Google Scholar
  8. Docampo, D. (2013). Reproducibility of the Shanghai academic ranking of world universities results. Scientometrics, 94(2), 567–587.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Docampo, D., & Cram, L. (2014). On the internal dynamics of the Shanghai ranking. Scientometrics, 98(2), 1347–1366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Docampo, D., & Cram, L. (2015). On the effects of institutional size in university classifications: The case of the Shanghai ranking. Scientometrics, 102(2), 1325–1346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Florian, R. V. (2007). Irreproducibility of the results of the Shanghai academic ranking of world universities. Scientometrics, 72(1), 25–32.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Fridenson, P. (2010). The French higher education policy since 1968. Mouvement Social, 233, 47–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hall, W. (2004). Manchester aims to be academic powerhouse. Financial Times UK, October 22, 2004.Google Scholar
  14. Harman, G., & Harman, K. (2008). Strategic mergers of strong institutions to enhance comparative advantage. Higher Education Policy, 21, 99–121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hazelkorn, E. (2011). Rankings and the reshaping of higher education. The battle for world-class excellence. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. HERB. (2014). Higher education in Russia and beyond, nr.1, spring 2014. Newsletter of the National Research University Higher School of Economics. http://www.ihe.hse.ru.
  17. Hoareau, C. (2011). Globalization and dual modes of higher education policymaking in France. Centre for Studies in Higher Education, UC Berkeley, Research and Occasional Paper Series. http://escholarship.org/uc/item/9r38v416.
  18. Labi, A. (2011). University mergers sweep across Europe. Global Chronicle of Higher Education.Google Scholar
  19. Lichtenberger, Y., Macron, E., & Padis, M. O. (2007). Introduction: La réhabilitation inattendue de l’université au sein de l’enseignement supérieur. ESPRIT, 12, 9–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Liu, N. C., & Cheng, Y. (2005). Academic ranking of world universities: Methodologies and problems. Higher Education in Europe, 30(2), 127–136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. McBain, L. (2012). College and university mergers: An update on recent trends. American Association of State Colleges and Universities Higher Education Policy Brief.Google Scholar
  22. Mérindol, J. Y. (2007). Strasbourg, l’exemple d’une fusion universitaire. ESPRIT, 12, 106–116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Musselin, C., & Dif-Pradalier, M. (2014). When merging is clearly the best way forward: The (re)birth of the University of Strasbourg. Revue française de Sociologie, 55, 285–318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Pisani-Ferry, J. (2014). France ten years from now—priorities for the coming decade. http://blog.en.strategie.gouv.fr/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/NS-FS-juillet2014-anglais.
  25. Podolny, J. (2005). Status signals: A sociological study of market competition. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Salmi, J. (2009). The challenge of establishing world-class universities. Washington, DC: The World Bank.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Samuelson, R. (1968). French student revolt: An account of the origins and objectives. Science, 160, 971–974.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Shih, C. (2012). Towards a new golden age: Goals-challenges at King Abdullah University of Science and Technology. Ninth Annual Lecture of the Higher Education Policy Institute.Google Scholar
  29. Siganos, A. (2007). French universities alliances and mergers: Impact on ARWU global rankings. http://www.shanghairanking.com/wcu/wcu2/comptitivit/mondiaux/et/Universits/EM/pour/CampusFrance.
  30. Siganos, A. (2008). Rankings, governance, and attractiveness of higher education: The new French context. Higher Education in Europe, 33(2/3), 311–316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. SIRIS. (2011). How to speak the language of French higher education and research part 1: Translating the reforms of 2011. http://www.sirislab.com/how-to-speak-the-language-of-french-higher-education-part-1/ (downloaded 22 September 2014).
  32. Staley, O. (2014). Nations chasing Harvard merge colleges to ascend rankings. Bloomberg, March 13.Google Scholar
  33. Stephenson, S. (2011). Discursive “policy logics” of mergers in US higher education: Strategy or tragedy? Tertiary Education and Management, 17(2), 117–137.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. The Ratings Game. (2010). Editorial in Nature, 464, 7–8.Google Scholar
  35. Thomson Reuters. (2013). Web of knowledge v5.9 release notes. http://wokinfo.com/media/pdf/webofknowledge5-9RN.
  36. Tight, M. (2013). Institutional churn: Institutional changes in United Kingdom higher education. Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, 35(1), 11–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Van Raan, A. F. J. (2005). Fatal attraction: Conceptual and methodological problems in the ranking of universities by bibliometric methods. Scientometrics, 62(1), 133–143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Atlantic Research Center for Information and Communication TechnologiesUniversidad de VigoVigoSpain
  2. 2.Observatoire de Paris, Laboratoire Univers et ThéoriesPSL Research UniversityParisFrance
  3. 3.Research School of Physics and EngineeringAustralian National UniversityActonAustralia

Personalised recommendations