The effect of university mergers on the Shanghai ranking
- 828 Downloads
The growing influence of the idea of world-class universities and the associated phenomenon of international academic rankings are intriguing issues for contemporary comparative analyses of higher education. Although the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU or the Shanghai ranking) was originally devised to assess the gap between Chinese universities and world-class universities, it has since been credited with roles in stimulating higher education change on many scales, from increasing the labor value of individual high-performing scholars to wholesale renovation of national university systems including mergers. This paper exhibits the response of the ARWU indicators and rankings to institutional mergers in general, and specifically analyses the universities of France that are engaged in a major amalgamation process motivated in part by a desire for higher international rankings.
KeywordsAcademic rankings Shanghai ARWU Mergers French universities French higher education system
The work of D. Docampo was supported by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Galician Regional Government under agreement for funding the Atlantic Research Center for Information and Communication Technologies (AtlantTIC).
- Aghion, P., & Cohen, E. (2004). Éducation et croissance. Paris: La Documentation française.Google Scholar
- Alix, J. P., & Andler, M. (2013). Is the new french research and education reform going far enough? Euro Scientist. http://www.euroscientist.com.
- Bourdin, J. (2008). French senate—Rapport d’information sur le défi des classements dans l’enseignement supérieur. French Senate—Session Extraordinaire de 2007–2008.Google Scholar
- Chevaillier, T. (2013). Evaluation in French higher education: History, policy and debates. Scuola Democratica, 4(2), 619–627.Google Scholar
- Hall, W. (2004). Manchester aims to be academic powerhouse. Financial Times UK, October 22, 2004.Google Scholar
- HERB. (2014). Higher education in Russia and beyond, nr.1, spring 2014. Newsletter of the National Research University Higher School of Economics. http://www.ihe.hse.ru.
- Hoareau, C. (2011). Globalization and dual modes of higher education policymaking in France. Centre for Studies in Higher Education, UC Berkeley, Research and Occasional Paper Series. http://escholarship.org/uc/item/9r38v416.
- Labi, A. (2011). University mergers sweep across Europe. Global Chronicle of Higher Education.Google Scholar
- McBain, L. (2012). College and university mergers: An update on recent trends. American Association of State Colleges and Universities Higher Education Policy Brief.Google Scholar
- Pisani-Ferry, J. (2014). France ten years from now—priorities for the coming decade. http://blog.en.strategie.gouv.fr/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/NS-FS-juillet2014-anglais.
- Podolny, J. (2005). Status signals: A sociological study of market competition. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
- Shih, C. (2012). Towards a new golden age: Goals-challenges at King Abdullah University of Science and Technology. Ninth Annual Lecture of the Higher Education Policy Institute.Google Scholar
- Siganos, A. (2007). French universities alliances and mergers: Impact on ARWU global rankings. http://www.shanghairanking.com/wcu/wcu2/comptitivit/mondiaux/et/Universits/EM/pour/CampusFrance.
- SIRIS. (2011). How to speak the language of French higher education and research part 1: Translating the reforms of 2011. http://www.sirislab.com/how-to-speak-the-language-of-french-higher-education-part-1/ (downloaded 22 September 2014).
- Staley, O. (2014). Nations chasing Harvard merge colleges to ascend rankings. Bloomberg, March 13.Google Scholar
- The Ratings Game. (2010). Editorial in Nature, 464, 7–8.Google Scholar
- Thomson Reuters. (2013). Web of knowledge v5.9 release notes. http://wokinfo.com/media/pdf/webofknowledge5-9RN.