, Volume 101, Issue 1, pp 623–661

Visualizing the structure and bridges of the intellectual property management and strategy literature: a document co-citation analysis

  • Francesco Paolo Appio
  • Fabrizio Cesaroni
  • Alberto Di Minin

DOI: 10.1007/s11192-014-1329-0

Cite this article as:
Appio, F.P., Cesaroni, F. & Di Minin, A. Scientometrics (2014) 101: 623. doi:10.1007/s11192-014-1329-0


This article uses document co-citation analysis to objectively explore the underlying structure of the intellectual property research domain, taken from a managerial and strategic standpoint. The goal of this study is identifying its main research areas, understanding its current state of development and suggesting potential future directions, by analyzing the co-citations from 181 papers published between 1992 and 2011 in the most influential academic journals. Five main clusters have been identified, mapped, and labeled as follows: Economics of patent system, technological and institutional capabilities, university patenting, intellectual property exploitation, and division of labor. Their most active areas on this topic, and the most influential and co-cited papers have been identified and described. Also, intra- and inter-cluster knowledge base diversity has been assessed by using indicators stemming from the domains of information theory and biology. A t test has been performed to assess the significance of the inter-cluster diversity. The knowledge bases of these five clusters are significantly diverse, this meaning that they are five co-existing paradigms.


Document co-citation analysis DCA Intellectual property IP management IP strategy Cluster analysis Diversity analysis 

JEL Classification

O34 O32 M10 

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francesco Paolo Appio
    • 1
  • Fabrizio Cesaroni
    • 2
    • 3
  • Alberto Di Minin
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Energy Systems, Territory, and Construction Engineering (DESTEC), University of PisaPisaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Business AdministrationUniversity Carlos III de MadridGetafeSpain
  3. 3.Scuola Superiore Sant’AnnaIstituto di ManagementPisaItaly

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