Advertisement

Scientometrics

, Volume 98, Issue 1, pp 99–117 | Cite as

The life sciences in German–Chinese cooperation: an institutional-level co-publication analysis

  • Martin Barth
  • Stefanie Haustein
  • Barbara Scheidt
Article

Abstract

This paper analyses the scientific cooperation between German and Chinese institutions in the field of the life sciences on the basis of co-publications published between 2007 and 2011 in Web of Science covered sources. After analyzing the global output of publications in the life sciences, and identifying China’s most important international partners on country level, this study focuses on a network and cluster analysis of German–Chinese co-publications on an institutional level. Cleaning and standardizing all German and Chinese addresses, a total of 531 German and 700 Chinese institutions were identified that co-published together in the period under analysis. Disaggregating the institutes of Chinese Academy of Sciences made it possible to obtain more meaningful information on existing co-publication structures. Using VOSviewer the German–Chinese collaboration network in the life sciences is visualized and clusters of similar institutions identified. The seven most important clusters of German–Chinese co-publications partners are briefly described providing background information for funding agencies such as the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research or researchers in the life sciences, who wish to establish collaborations with German or Chinese institutions.

Keywords

Bibliometrics Co-publication analysis Life sciences German–Chinese cooperation Social network analysis VOSviewer 

References

  1. Baeder, G. (2011). China’s future in bioscience. Pharmaceutical Executive, 31(12). http://www.monitor.com/Portals/0/MonitorContent/imported/MonitorUnitedStates/Articles/PDFs/Monitor_Chinas_Future_in_Bioscience_Pharma_Exec_GBaeder_December_2011.pdf. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  2. China’s Twelfth Five Year Plan (2011–2015). The full English version. http://www.britishchamber.cn/content/chinas-twelfth-five-year-plan-2011-2015-full-english-version. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  3. De Beaver, D., & Rosen, R. (1978). Studies in scientific collaboration: Part I. The professional origins of scientific co-authorship. Scientometrics, 1(1), 65–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Finn, M. G. (2007). Stay rates of foreign doctorate recipients from US universities, 2005. Oak Ridge: Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education. http://orise.orau.gov/files/sep/stay-rates-foreign-doctorate-recipients-2009.pdf. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  5. Frietsch, R., & Meng, Y. (2010). Indicator-based reporting on the Chinese innovation system 2010—Life sciences in China. Fraunhofer ISI Discussion Papers. Innovation Systems and Policy Analysis No. 26.Google Scholar
  6. Fu, H. Z., Chuang, K. Y., Wang, M. H., & Ho, Y. S. (2011). Characteristics of research in China assessed with Essential Science Indicators. Scientometrics, 88(3), 841.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fu, J. Y., Zhang, X., Zhao, Y. H., Chen, D. Z., & Huang, M. H. (2012). Global performance of traditional Chinese medicine over three decades. Scientometrics, 90(3), 945. doi: 10.1007/s11192-011-0521-8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Glänzel, W., & Schubert, A. (2007). Analysing scientific networks through co-authorship. In H. F. Moed, W. Glänzel, & U. Schmoch (Eds.), Handbook of quantitative science and technology research. The use of publication and patent statistics in studies of S&T systems (pp. 257–276). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  9. Glänzel, W., Debackere, K., & Meyer, M. (2008). ‘Triad’ or ‘tetrad’? On global changes in a dynamic world. Scientometrics, 74(1), 71–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Guan, J., & Gao, X. (2008). Comparison and evaluation of Chinese research performance in the field of bioinformatics. Scientometrics, 75(2), 357–379.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Guan, J., & Ma, N. (2007). China’s emerging presence in nanoscience and nanotechnology. A comparative bibliometric study of several nanoscience ‘giants’. Research Policy, 36, 880–886.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Haustein, S., Mittermaier, B., & Tunger, D. (2009). Bibliometric analysis Asia-Pacific research area. Commissioned by the International Bureau of the BMBF at DLR. Jülich: Forschungszentrum Jülich. http://www.kooperation-international.de/detail/info/bibliometrische-analyse-asiatisch-pazifischer-raum.html. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  13. Haustein, S., Tunger, D., Heinrichs, G., & Baelz, G. (2011). Reasons for and developments in international scientific collaboration: does an Asia-Pacific research area exist from a bibliometric point of view? Scientometrics, 86, 727–746.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. He, T. W. (2009). International scientific collaboration of China with the G7 countries. Scientometrics, 80, 571–582.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Katz, J. S., Hicks, D., Narin, F., & Hamilton, K. (1996). International collaboration. Nature, 381(6577), 16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kroll, H. (2010). Indicator-based reporting on the Chinese innovation system 2010—The regional dimension of science and innovation in China. Fraunhofer ISI Discussion Papers. Innovation Systems and Policy Analysis No. 25.Google Scholar
  17. Leydesdorff, L., & Zhou, P. (2005). Are the contributions of China and Korea upsetting the world system of science? Scientometrics, 63(3), 617–630.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Luukkonen, T., Persson, O., & Sivertsen, G. (1992). Understanding patterns of international scientific collaboration. Science, Technology and Human Values, 17(1), 101–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. OECD. (2011). Factbook 2011–2012. Economic, environmental and social statistics. http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/economics/oecd-factbook-2011-2012_factbook-2011-en. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  20. Salton, G., & McGill, M. J. (1986). Introduction to modern information retrieval. New York: McGraw-Hill Inc.Google Scholar
  21. Scheidt, B., Haustein, S., Holzke, C, & Tunger, D. (2011). Bibliometric analysis Asia-Pacific research area 2010. Commissioned by the International Bureau of the BMBF. Jülich: Forschungszentrum Jülich. http://www.internationales-buero.de/_media/Bibliometric_Analysis_APRA_2010.pdf. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  22. Schubert, A., & Braun, T. (1990). International collaboration in the sciences. Scientometrics, 19(1–2), 3–10.Google Scholar
  23. Sino-German Life Science Platform. (2012). German–Chinese cooperation in the life sciences. http://sino-german-platform.eu/en/cooperation. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  24. Suttmeier, R. P., Cao, C., & Simon, D. F. (2006). “Knowledge innovation” and the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Science, 312, 58–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Tunger, D., & Haustein, S. (2009). Bibliometric analysis of the Asia-Pacific research area: Issues and results. In Proceedings of the 12th international conference of the international society for scientometrics and informetrics (Vol. 2, pp. 996–997).Google Scholar
  26. Van Eck, N. J., & Waltman, L. (2007). Bibliometric mapping of the computational intelligence field. International Journal of Uncertainty, Fuzziness and Knowledge-Based Systems, 15(5), 625–645.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Van Eck, N. J., & Waltman, L. (2010). Software survey: VOSviewer, a computer program for bibliometric mapping. Scientometrics, 84(2), 523–528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wagner, C. S., Brahmakulam, I., Jackson, B., Wong, A., & Yoda, T. (2001). Science and technology collaboration: Building capacity in developing countries? Santa Monica: RAND. http://www.rand.org/pubs/monograph_reports/2005/MR1357.0.pdf. Accessed October 8, 2012.
  29. Wan, X. H., Li, Z. W., & Wang, M. (2009). Contributions in biochemistry and molecular biology from China and other top-ranking countries: A 10-year survey of the literature. Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, 47(10), 1211–1216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Wang, H. (2010). China’s national talent plan: Key measures and objectives. http://www.brookings.edu/research/papers/2010/11/23-china-talent-wang. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  31. Zheng, J., Zhao, Z.-Y., Zhang, X., Chen, D.-Z., Huang, M.-H., Lei, X.-P., et al. (2012). International scientific and technological collaboration of China from 2004 to 2008: a perspective from paper and patent analysis. Scientometrics, 91, 65–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Zhou, P., & Glänzel, W. (2010). In-depth analysis of China’s international cooperation in science. Scientometrics, 82(3), 597–612.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Zhou, P., Thijs, B., & Glänzel, W. (2009). Regional analysis on Chinese scientific output. Scientometrics, 81(3), 839–857.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Barth
    • 1
  • Stefanie Haustein
    • 2
    • 3
  • Barbara Scheidt
    • 4
  1. 1.Project Management Jülich, Biotechnology Business AreaJülichGermany
  2. 2.EBSIUniversité de MontréalMontrealCanada
  3. 3.Science-Metrix Inc.MontrealCanada
  4. 4.Central LibraryForschungszentrum JülichJülichGermany

Personalised recommendations