Reception of integrative and complementary medicine (ICM) in scientific journals: a citation and co-word analysis
- 629 Downloads
Even if integrative and complementary medicine (ICM) is a growing scientific field, it is also a highly contested area in terms of scientific legitimacy. The aim of this article is to analyze the reception of ICM research in scientific journals. Is this kind of research acknowledged outside the ICM context, for example, in general or specialized medicine? What is the impact of ICM research? and Is it possible to identify any shift in content, from the original ICM research to the documents where it is acknowledged? The material consisted of two sets: documents published in 12 ICM journals in 2007; and all documents citing these documents during the years 2007–2012. These sets were analyzed with help from citation and co-word analysis. When analyzing the citation pattern, it was clear that a majority of the cited documents were acknowledged in journals and documents that could be related to research areas outside the ICM context, such as pharmacology & pharmacy and plant science—even if the most frequent singular journals and subject categories were connected to ICM. However, after analyzing the content of cited and citing documents, it was striking how similar the content was. It was also evident that much of this research was related to basic preclinical research, in fields such as cell biology, plant pharmacology, and animal experiments.
KeywordsIntegrative medicine Complementary medicine Science studies Co-word analysis Citation analysis
- Adams, V. (2002). Randomized controlled crime: Postcolonial sciences in alternative medicine research. Social Studies of Science, 32(5–6), 659–690. doi: 10.1177/030631270203200503.
- Danell, J. A. B., & Danell, R. (2011). Development of scientific publications on acupuncture. In M. Saad (Ed.), Acupuncture—Concepts and physiology (pp. 207–222). Rijeka: Intech.Google Scholar
- Garfield, E. (1965). Can citation indexing be automated. In M. E. Stevens, V. E. Giuliano & L. E. Heilprin (Eds.), Statistical Association Methods for mechanized documentation, symposium proceedings Washington 1964 (pp. 189–192). Washington, DC.Google Scholar
- Gieryn, T. F. (1983). Boundary-work and the demarcation of science from non-science—Strains and interests in professional ideologies of scientists. American Sociological Review, (6), 781–795.Google Scholar
- Glanzel, W., & Moed, H. F. (2002). Journal impact measures: Their role in research policy and scientific information management—Selected papers of the special day session at the 8th international conference on Scientometrics and Informetrics, held in Sydney, Australia on July 17, 2001, Preface. Scientometrics, 53(2), 169–170.Google Scholar
- He, Q. (1999). Knowledge discovery through co-word analysis. Library Trends, 48(1), 133–159.Google Scholar
- Hess, D. J. (1993). Science in the new age—The Paranormal, its defenders and debunkers, and American culture. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press.Google Scholar
- Kim, J. (2007). Alternative medicine’s encounter with laboratory science: The scientific construction of Korean medicine in a global age. Social Studies of Science, 37(6), 855–880. doi: 10.1177/0306312707076600.
- Latour, B., & Woolgar, S. (1979). Laboratory life: The social construction of scientific facts (Sage library of social research, v. 80). Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
- Smith, L. C. (1981). Citation analysis. Library Trends, 30(1), 83–106.Google Scholar
- Sood, A., Knudsen, K., Sood, R., Wahner-Roedler, D. L., Barnes, S. A., Bardia, A., et al. (2007). Publication bias for CAM trials in the highest impact factor medicine journals is partly due to geographical bias. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 60(11), 1123–1126. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2007.01.009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Van Eck, N. J., & Waltman, L. (2007). VOS: A new method for visualizing similarities between objects. Advances in Data Analysis, 299–306.Google Scholar
- Van Eck, N. J., & Waltman, L. (2011). Text mining and visualization using VOSviewer. ISSI Newsletter, 7(3), 50–54.Google Scholar
- Wouters, P. (1999). The Citation Culture. Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam, Faculteit der Scheikunde.Google Scholar
- Yoshida, M. (2002). A theoretical model of biomedical professionals’ legitimization of alternative therapies. Complementary Health Practice Review, 7(3), 187–208. doi: 10.1177/153321010200700303.