, Volume 97, Issue 1, pp 25–36 | Cite as

Gender bias and explanation models for the phenomenon of women’s discriminations in research careers

  • Hildrun KretschmerEmail author
  • Theo Kretschmer


In the present paper four myths of gender differences in scientific performance are presented and discussed. The persistence of these myths in different forms of evaluation is influencing the women’s discriminations in research careers in combination with effects explained in other explanation models for the existence of the unseen barrier (glass ceiling) that keeps women from rising to the upper levels of the corporate ladder.


Gender bias Evaluation Glass ceiling 



Part of this work by one of the authors (Kretschmer H) was supported by the 7th Framework Program by the European Commission, SIS-2010- Project full title: “Academic Careers Understood through Measurement and Norms”, Project acronym: ACUMEN.


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.WISELABDalian University of TechnologyDalianChina
  2. 2.COLLNET-CenterHohen NeuendorfGermany

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