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Scientometrics

, Volume 96, Issue 2, pp 485–495 | Cite as

Careers in science: policy issues according to Nature and Science editorials

  • Cathelijn J. F. Waaijer
Article

Abstract

This study analyzes the editorials in Science and Nature published between 2000 and 2012 about careers in science. Of the total body of documents, 8.8 % dealt with science careers. The editorials were manually classified by topics and then mapped using the VOSviewer. This revealed six easily distinguishable clusters: career conditions in science, the attractiveness of science as a career, merit-based career policies, the effect of research funding on careers, specific groups underrepresented in science, and mobility of scientists. The paper summarizes the main thrust of the arguments in these editorials. There is strong agreement about the problems in scientific careers, but less consensus on the solutions to these problems. The paper also explores whether mapping on the basis of automatically identified terms could have provided adequate results, but concludes that manual classification is needed.

Keywords

Academic careers Scientific careers Classification Bibliometric mapping Editorials 

JEL classification

J21 J23 J24 J60 J70 

Notes

Acknowledgments

For their help with various aspects of the preparation of the manuscript I would like to thank several CWTS colleagues: Cornelis A. van Bochove, Martijn S. Visser, Bert J. van der Wurff, Ludo Waltman, Nees Jan van Eck, Wolfgang Kaltenbrunner, Inge C. M. van der Weijden, and Paul Wouters.

Supplementary material

11192_2013_958_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (23 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 23 kb)

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Science and Technology StudiesLeiden UniversityLeidenThe Netherlands

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