Scientometrics

, Volume 95, Issue 2, pp 771–784 | Cite as

Geographical distance in bibliometric relations within epistemic communities

Article

Abstract

Scientists collaborate increasingly on a global scale. Does this trend also hold for other bibliometric relations such as direct citations, cocitations and shared references? This study examines citation-based relations in publications published in the journal Scientometrics from 1981 to 2010. Different measures of Mean Geographical Distance (MGD) are tested. If we take all citation links into consideration, there is no indication of MGD increase, but when we look at maximum distances of each relation, a weak tendency of increasing MGD could be observed. One major factor behind the lack of growth of mean distances is the form of the distribution of citation links over distances. Our data suggest that the interactions might grow simultaneously for both short and long distances.

Keywords

Direct citations Co-authorships Co-citations Geographical distance Shared references 

References

  1. Allen, T. J. (1984). Managing the flow of technology: Technology transfer and the dissemination of technological information within the R&D organization. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  2. Björneborn, L., & Ingwersen, P. (2004). Toward a basic framework for webometrics. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 55(14), 1216–1227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bornmann, L., Leydesdorff, L., Walch-Solimena, C., & Ettl, C. (2011). Mapping excellence in the geography of science: An approach based on Scopus data. Journal of Informetrics, 5(4), 537–546.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Frenken, K., Hardeman, S., & Hoekman, J. (2009). Spatial scientometrics: Towards a cumulative research program. Journal of Informetrics, 3(3), 222–232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hennemann, S., Rybski, D., & Liefner, I. (2012). The myth of global science collaboration–Collaboration patterns inepistemic communities. Journal of Informetrics, 6(2), 217–225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hoekman, J., Frenken, K., & Tijssen, R. J. W. (2010). Research collaboration at a distance: Changing spatial patterns of scientific collaboration within Europe. Research Policy, 39(5), 662–673.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kessler, M. M. (1963). Bibliographic coupling between scientific papers. American Documentation, 14(1), 10–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Lee, K., Brownstein, J.S., Mills, R.G., & Kohane, I.S. (2010). Does collocation inform the impact of collaboration? Plos One, 5(12).Google Scholar
  9. Leydesdorff, L., & Wagner, C. S. (2008). International collaboration in science and the formation of a core group. Journal of Informetrics, 2(4), 317–325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Luukkonen, T., Persson, O., & Sivertsen, G. (1992). Understanding patterns of international scientific collaboration. Science, Technology, & Human Values, 17(1), 101–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Narin, F., Stevens, K., & Whitlow, E. S. (1991). Scientific cooperation in Europe and the citation of multinationally authored papers. Scientometrics, 21(3), 313–323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Persson, O., & Ellegård, K. (2012). Torsten Hägerstrand in the citation time web. The Professional Geographer, 64(X), 1–12.Google Scholar
  13. Sinnott, R. W. (1984). Virtues of the haversine. Sky and Telescope, 68(2), 159.MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  14. Tijssen, R. J. W., Waltman, L., & van Eck, N. J. (2011). Collaborations span 1,553 kilometres. Nature, 473(7346), 154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Waltman, L., Tijssen, R. J. W., & van Eck, N. J. (2011). Globalisation of science in kilometres. Journal of Informetrics, 5(4), 574–582.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Yan, E. J., & Sugimoto, C. R. (2011). Institutional interactions: Exploring social, cognitive, and geographic relationships between institutions as demonstrated through citation networks. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 62(8), 1498–1514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of e-Resources, University LibraryStockholm UniversityStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Department of Sociology, InforskUmeå UniversityUmeåSweden
  3. 3.Centre for Science and Technology Studies (CWTS)Leiden UniversityLeidenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations