, Volume 91, Issue 2, pp 591–599 | Cite as

Science funding and research output: a study on 10 countries

  • Xianwen Wang
  • Di Liu
  • Kun Ding
  • Xinran Wang


This study reports research on analyzing the impact of government funding on research output. 500,807 SCI papers published in 2009 in 10 countries are collected and analyzed. The results show that, in China, 70.34% of SCI papers are supported by some research funding, among which 89.57% are supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC). Average grants per funding-supported paper in China is 2.95, when in the USA the number is 2.93 and in Japan it is 2.40. The results of funding agency analysis show that, China, Germany and Spain are single funding agency dominated countries, while USA, Japan, Canada and Australia are double funding agencies dominated countries, and the source of funding in UK, France and Italy is diversified.


SCI Science funding Funding agency NSFC 



This research was supported by the Social Science Foundation of China (10CZX011; 08BTQ025), Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China (20090041110001). We would like to thank the two anonymous reviewers of 13th ISSI, and also thank the comments from Grant Lewson, Katy Borner, Jonathan Levitt, Richard Klavans et al. in ISSI meeting in Durban. Suggestions from Prof. Zeyuan Liu in WISE Lab, Dalian University of Technology are also acknowledged.

An extended version of a paper presented at the 13th International Conference on Scientometrics and Informetrics, Durban (South Africa), 4–7 July 2011 (Wang, X. W., Liu, D., Ding, K., & Wang, X. R., 2011).


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.WISE LabDalian University of TechnologyDalianChina
  2. 2.School of Computer Science & TechnologyDalian University of TechnologyDalianChina

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