, 88:729 | Cite as

Central indexes to the citation distribution: a complement to the h-index

  • Pablo Dorta-GonzálezEmail author
  • María-Isabel Dorta-González


The citation distribution of a researcher shows the impact of their production and determines the success of their scientific career. However, its application in scientific evaluation is difficult due to the bi-dimensional character of the distribution. Some bibliometric indexes that try to synthesize in a numerical value the principal characteristics of this distribution have been proposed recently. In contrast with other bibliometric measures, the biases that the distribution tails provoke, are reduced by the h-index. However, some limitations in the discrimination among researchers with different publication habits are presented in this index. This index penalizes selective researchers, distinguished by the large number of citations received, as compared to large producers. In this work, two original sets of indexes, the central area indexes and the central interval indexes, that complement the h-index to include the central shape of the citation distribution, are proposed and compared.


h-index Citation analysis Bibliometric indexes Research career evaluation 

Mathematics Subject Classification (2000)

62-07 Data analysis 



This research was partially financed by the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, grant ECO2008-05589.


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pablo Dorta-González
    • 1
    Email author
  • María-Isabel Dorta-González
    • 2
  1. 1.Departamento de Métodos Cuantitativos en Economía y GestiónUniversidad de Las Palmas de Gran CanariaGran CanariaSpain
  2. 2.Departamento de Estadística, Investigación Operativa y ComputaciónUniversidad de La LagunaTenerifeSpain

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