, Volume 85, Issue 3, pp 821–848 | Cite as

Dynamics of the scientific community network within the strategic management field through the Strategic Management Journal 1980–2009: the role of cooperation

  • Guillermo Armando Ronda-Pupo
  • Luis Ángel Guerras-Martín


The paper presents the dynamics of the strategic management scientific community network during knowledge creation and dissemination through the Strategic Management Journal from 1980 to 2009. The paper describes the evolution of the participant countries’ position within the network structure. We present the different stages that the network goes through, the vertices’ transformation into nodes and hubs, and the statistical significance level of cooperation between the country in the core position and the countries in the semi-periphery and periphery positions during their evolution and growth.


Strategic management Scientific community network Strategic Management Journal Knowledge creation and dissemination Virtual community 



The authors wish to thank Tibor Braun, editor in chief of the journal Scientometrics and an anonymous referee for their helpful suggestions on this paper. We want to thank Emilio Lopez-Zapata for his suggestions. The present research was financed by ECO2009-10358, a project of the Ministry of Science and Innovation (Spain) and the Iberdrola Chair for Research in Business Management and Organization.


  1. Andrews, K. (1971). The concept of corporate strategy. Homewood, IL: Dow-Jones-Irwin.Google Scholar
  2. Ansoff, I. H. (1965). Corporate strategy: An analytic approach to business policy for growth and expansion. New York: McGraw Hill.Google Scholar
  3. Azar, O. H., & Brock, D. M. (2008). A citation ranking of strategic management journals. Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, 17, 3781–3802.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Batagelj, V., & Mrvar, A. (1998). Pajek – program for large network analysis. Connections, 21(2), 47–57.Google Scholar
  5. Burt, R. (2001). Attachment, decay, and social network. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 22(6), 619–643.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Burt, R. (2007). Secondhand brokerage: Evidence on the importance of local structure for managers, bankers, and analysts. Academy of Management Journal, 50(1), 119–148.MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  7. Burt, R. (2008). Information and structural holes: Comment on Reagan’s and Zuckerman. Industrial and Corporate Change, 17(5), 953–969.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Callon, M., Courtial, J. P., & Laville, F. (1991). Co-word analysis as a tool for describing the network of interactions between basic and technological research: The case of polymer chemistry. Scientometrics, 22(1), 155–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chandler, A. (1962). Strategy and structure: Chapters in the history of American Industrial Enterprise. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  10. Coultier, N., Monarch, I., & Konda, S. (1998). Software engineering as seen through its research literature: A study in co-word analysis. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 49(13), 1206–1223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. De Nooy, W., Mrvar, A., & Batagelj, V. (2005). Exploratory social network analysis with Pajek. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Eldredge, D., & Galloway, R. (1983). Study of the undergraduate business policy course at AACS B-accredited universities. Strategic Management Journal, 4(1), 85–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Feurer, R., & Chaharbaghi, K. (1995). Strategy development: Past, present and future. Management Decision, 33(6), 11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Franke, R. H., Edlund, T. W., & Oster, F. (1990). The development of strategic management: Journal quality and article impact. Strategic Management Journal, 11(3), 243–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fréry, F. (2006). The fundamental dimensions of strategy. MIT Sloan Management Review, 48(1), 71.Google Scholar
  16. Furrer, O., Thomas, H., & Goussevskaia, A. (2008). The structure and evolution of the strategic management field: A content analysis of 26 years of strategic management research. International Journal of Management Reviews, 10(1), 1–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gordon, R. A., & Howell, J. E. (1959). Higher education for business. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Gulati, R. (1998). Alliances and networks. Strategic Management Journal, 19(4), 293–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Gulati, R., Nitin, N., & Zaheer, A. (2000). Strategic networks. Strategic Management Journal, 21(3), 203–215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hahn, E., & Doh, J. (2006). Using Bayesian methods in strategy research: An extension of Hansen et al. Strategic Management Journal, 27(8), 783–798.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. He, Q. (1999). Knowledge discovery through co-word analysis. Library Trends, 48(1), 133–159.Google Scholar
  22. Hoetker, G. (2006). The use of Logit and Probit models in strategic management research: Critical issues. Strategic Management Journal, 28(2), 331–343.Google Scholar
  23. Hofer, C. W., & Schendel, D. (1978). Strategy formulation: Analytical concepts. St. Paul: West Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  24. Hulland, J. (1999). Use of partial least squares (PLS) in strategic management research: A review of four recent studies. Strategic Management Journal, 20(2), 195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kamada, T., & Kawai, S. (1989). An algorithm for drawing general undirected graphs. Information Processing Letters, 31(1), 7–15.zbMATHCrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  26. Katz, J. S. (1994). Geographical proximity and scientific collaboration. Scientometrics, 31(1), 31–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ketchen, D., & Shook, C. (1996). The application of cluster analysis in strategic management research: An analysis and critique. Strategic Management Journal, 17(6), 441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kogut, B. (2000). The network as knowledge: Generative rules and the emergence of structure. Strategic Management Journal, 21(3), 405–425.CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  29. Learned, E., Christensen, R., Andrews, K., & Guth, W. (1965). Business policy: Text and cases. Homewood, IL: Richard D. Irwin.Google Scholar
  30. Leydesdorff, L. (1997). Why words and co-words cannot map the development of the sciences. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 48(5), 418–427.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Nag, R., Hambrick, D. C., & Chen, M. H. (2007). What is strategic management, really? Inductive derivation of a consensus definition on the field. Strategic Management Journal, 28(9), 935–955.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Nerur, S. P., Rasheed, A. A., & Natarajan, V. (2008). The intellectual structure of the strategic management field: An author co-citation analysis. Strategic Management Journal, 29(11), 319–336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Peters, H. P. F., & Van Raan, A. F. J. (1993a). Co-word-based maps of chemical engineering. Part I: Representations by direct multidimensional scaling. Research Policy, 22(1), 23–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Peters, H. P. F., & Van Raan, A. F. J. (1993b). Co-word-based maps of chemical engineering. Part II: Representations by combined clustering and multidimensional scaling. Research Policy, 22(1), 47–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Phelan, S. E., Ferreira, M., & Salvador, R. (2002). The first twenty years of strategic management journal. Strategic Management Journal, 23(12), 1161–1168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., Bachrach, D. G., & Podsakoff, N. P. (2005). The influence of management journals in the 1980s and 1990s. Strategic Management Journal, 26(5), 473–488.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Porter, M. E. (1980). Competitive strategy. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  38. Porter, M. E. (1985). Competitive advantage. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  39. Ramos Rodriguez, A. R., & Ruiz Navarro, J. (2004). Changes in the intellectual structure of strategic management research: A bibliometric study of the strategic management journal, 1980–2000. Strategic Management Journal, 25(9), 981–1004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Summer, C., Bettis, R. A., Duhaime, I. H., Grant, J. H., Hambrick, D. C., Snow, C. C., et al. (1990). Doctoral education in the field of business policy and strategy. Journal of Management, 16(2), 361–398.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Tahai, A., & Meyer, M. J. (1999). A revealed preference study of management journals’ direct influences. Strategic Management Journal, 20(3), 279–296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Wagner, C. S., & Leydesdorff, L. (2005a). Mapping the network of global science: Comparing international co-authorships from 1990 to 2000. International Journal of Technology and Globalisation, 1(2), 185–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Wagner, C. S., & Leydesdorff, L. (2005b). Network structure, self organization and the growth of international collaboration in science. Research Policy, 34(10), 1608–1618.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Zajac, E. J. (1998). Commentary on “Alliances and Networks” by R. Gulati. Strategic Management Journal, 19(4), 319–321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guillermo Armando Ronda-Pupo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Luis Ángel Guerras-Martín
    • 3
  1. 1.Centro de Estudios TurísticosUniversidad de HolguínHolguínCuba
  2. 2.Centro de Estudios TurísticosUniversidad de Holguín, CubaPiedra BlancaCuba
  3. 3.Strategic Management, Departamento de Economía de la Empresa (Administración, Dirección y Organización)Universidad Rey Juan CarlosMadridSpain

Personalised recommendations