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Scientometrics

, Volume 83, Issue 3, pp 765–781 | Cite as

An advanced diffusion model to identify emergent research issues: the case of optoelectronic devices

  • Edgar Schiebel
  • Marianne Hörlesberger
  • Ivana Roche
  • Claire François
  • Dominique Besagni
Article

Abstract

Scientific progress in technology oriented research fields is made by incremental or fundamental inventions concerning natural science effects, materials, methods, tools and applications. Therefore our approach focuses on research activities of such technological elements on the basis of keywords in published articles. In this paper we show how emerging topics in the field of optoelectronic devices based on scientific literature data from the PASCAL-database can be identified. We use Results from PROMTECH project, whose principal objective was to produce a methodology allowing the identification of promising emerging technologies. In this project, the study of the intersection of Applied Sciences as well as Life (Biological & Medical) Sciences domains and Physics with bibliometric methods produced 45 candidate technological fields and the validation by expert panels led to a final selection of 10 most promising ones. These 45 technologies were used as reference fields. In order to detect the emerging research, we combine two methodological approaches. The first one introduces a new modelling of field terminology evolution based on bibliometric indicators: the diffusion model and the second one is a diachronic cluster analysis. With the diffusion model we identified single keywords that represent a high dynamic of the mentioned technology elements. The cluster analysis was used to recombine articles, where the identified keywords were used to technological topics in the field of optoelectronic devices. This methodology allows us to answer the following questions: Which technological aspects within our considered field can be detected? Which of them are already established and which of them are new? How are the topics linked to each other?

Keywords

Emerging research issues Emerging technologies Science dynamics Diffusion model Migration of terms Diffusion stages Diachronic cluster analysis Optoelectronic devices Evolution of a technological field 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was carried out thanks to a European Union funding: Project No. 15615 (NEST)—6th Research and Development Framework Plan. The project acronym is PROMTECH, and the project full title is “Identification and Assessment of Promising and Emerging Technological Fields in Europe”. The Consortium was composed by the Austrian Research Centers GmbH—ARC (Vienna, Austria), the Fraunhofer Institut für Systemtechnik und Innovationsforschung (Karlsruhe, Germany) and the Institut de l’Information Scientifique et Technique—INIST-CNRS (Nancy, France). We would also to warmly thank our colleagues from ARC and INIST-CNRS, particularly Mrs. Nathalie Vedovotto, that took part very actively to the different project steps by bringing us their scientific and documentary expertises.

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edgar Schiebel
    • 1
  • Marianne Hörlesberger
    • 1
  • Ivana Roche
    • 2
  • Claire François
    • 2
  • Dominique Besagni
    • 2
  1. 1.AIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH, Tech Gate ViennaWienAustria
  2. 2.INIST-CNRSVandoeuvre-lès-NancyFrance

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