Citing and reading behaviours in high-energy physics
- 512 Downloads
Contemporary scholarly discourse follows many alternative routes in addition to the three-century old tradition of publication in peer-reviewed journals. The field of High-Energy Physics (HEP) has explored alternative communication strategies for decades, initially via the mass mailing of paper copies of preliminary manuscripts, then via the inception of the first online repositories and digital libraries. This field is uniquely placed to answer recurrent questions raised by the current trends in scholarly communication: is there an advantage for scientists to make their work available through repositories, often in preliminary form? Is there an advantage to publishing in Open Access journals? Do scientists still read journals or do they use digital repositories? The analysis of citation data demonstrates that free and immediate online dissemination of preprints creates an immense citation advantage in HEP, whereas publication in Open Access journals presents no discernible advantage. In addition, the analysis of clickstreams in the leading digital library of the field shows that HEP scientists seldom read journals, preferring preprints instead.
KeywordsOpen-Access Citation High-energy physics Repository
This work partly supported by Department of Energy contract DE-AC02-76SF00515. We are indebted to Carmen van Pamel and Nicholas Steketee, on an internship from the Collège du Léman, for their collaboration in the analysis of the data published in this article.
- Addis, L. (1962–1994). Brief and biased history of preprint and database activities at the SLAC Library. Last visited June 28, 2009, from http://www.slac.stanford.edu/spires/papers/history.html.
- ArXiv website. Last visited June 28, 2009, from http://www.arXiv.org.
- Antelman, K. (2004). Do open-access articles have a greater research impact? College and Research Libraries, 65, 372–382.Google Scholar
- Aymar, R. (2009). Scholarly communication in High-Energy Physics: Past, present and future innovations. European Review, 17, 33–51. (CERN-OPEN-2008-015).Google Scholar
- Bianco, S., et al., Report of the SCOAP3 Working Party, ISBN 978-92-9083-292-8. Last visited June 28, 2009, from http://scoap3.org/files/Scoap3WPReport.pdf.
- Ginsparg, P. (1994). First steps towards electronic research communication. Computers in Physics, 8, 390.Google Scholar
- Goldschmidt-Clermont, L. (2002). Communication patterns in High-Energy Physics. High Energy Physics Libraries Webzine, 6. Last visited June 28, 2009, from http://library.cern.ch/HEPLW/6/papers/1/.
- Harnad, S., & Brody, T. (2004). Comparing the impact of Open Access (OA) vs. non-OA articles in the same journals. D-Lib Magazine, 10.Google Scholar
- Heuer, R. D., Holtkamp, A., & Mele, S. (2008). Innovation in scholarly communication: Vision and projects from High-Energy Physics. Information Services & Use, 28, 83–96. arXiv:0805.2739.Google Scholar
- Kunz, P., et al., The Early World Wide Web at SLAC. Last visited June 28, 2009, from http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml.
- Kurtz, M., & Henneken, E. (2007). Open Access does not increase citations for research articles from The Astrophysical Journal. arXiv:0709.0896.Google Scholar
- SPIRES Website. Last visited June 28, 2009, from http://www.slac.stanford.edu/spires.
- SISSA Open Access Proposal. Last visited June 28, 2009, from http://jhep.sissa.it/jhep/docs/SISSA_IOP_OA_proposal.pdf.
- The SCOAP3 project is described at http://scoap3.org. Last visited June 28, 2009.