, Volume 80, Issue 2, pp 419–439

Collaboration and publication: How collaborative are scientists in South Africa?



Using bibliographic records from the Science Citation Index, the paper examines the publication of South African scientists. The analysis shows that collaboration research in South Africa has been growing steadily and the scientists are highly oriented towards collaborative rather than individualistic research. International collaboration is preferred to domestic collaboration while publication seems to be a decisive factor in collaboration. The paper also looks at the collaboration dimensions of partnering countries, sectors and disciplines, and examines how collaboration can be predicted by certain publication variables. Characteristic features are evident in both the degree and nature of collaboration which can be predicted by the number of countries involved, number of partners and the fractional count of papers.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Anuradha, K. T., Urs, S. R. (2007), Bibliometric indicators of Indian research collaboration patterns: A correspondence analysis. Scientometrics, 71: 179–189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arvanitis, R., Waast, R., Gaillard, J. (2000), Science in Africa: a bibliometric panorama using PASCAL database. Scientometrics, 47: 457–473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Beaver, D. D., Rosen, R. (1978), Studies in scientific collaboration, part I: the professional origins of scientific co-authorship. Scientometrics, 1: 65–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bonaccorsi, A., Daraio, C., Simar, L. (2006), Advanced indicators of productivity of universities: An application of robust nonparametric methods to Italian data. Scientometrics, 66: 389–410.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bozeman, B., Boardman, C. (2003), Research and Technology Collaboration and Linkages: Implications from two U.S. Case Studies. Georgia Institute of Technology, Georgia, Accessed 24 April 2007.Google Scholar
  6. Bozeman, B., Corley, E. (2004), Scientists’ collaboration strategies: implications for scientific and technical human capital. Research Policy, 33: 599–616.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Duque, R. B., Sooryamoorthy, R., Ynalvez, M., Mbatia, P., Dzorgbo, D.-B., Shrum, W. (2005), Collaboration paradox: scientific productivity, the internet, and problems of research in developing areas. Social Studies of Science, 35: 755–785.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Etzkowitz, H., Leydesdorff, L. (2000), The dynamic of innovation: from national systems and “mode 2” to a triple helix of university-industry-government relations. Research Policy, 29: 109–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Farahat, H. (2002), Authorship patterns in agricultural sciences in Egypt. Scientometrics, 55: 157–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Frame, D. J., Narin, F., Carpenter, M. P. (1977), The distribution of world science. Social Studies of Science, 7: 501–516.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Frame, J. D., Carpenter, M. P. (1979), International research collaboration. Social Studies of Science, 9: 481–497.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Glänzel, W., Lange, C. D. (2002), A distributional approach to multinationality measures of international scientific collaboration. Scientometrics, 54: 75–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Guan, J., Ma, N. (2007), A bibliometric study of China’s semiconductor literature compared with other major Asian countries. Scientometrics, 70: 107–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hicks, D. M., Katz, J. S. (1996), Where is science going? Science, Technology and Human Values, 21: 379–406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ingwersen, P., Jacobs, D. (2004), South African research in selected scientific areas: status 1981–2000. Scientometrics, 59: 405–423.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Jacobs, D., Ingwersen, P. (2000), A bibliometric study of the publication patterns in the sciences of South African scholars 1981–96. Scientometrics, 47: 75–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Katz, J. S., Martin, B. R. (1997), What is research collaboration? Research Policy, 26: 1–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kim, K.-W. (2006), Measuring international research collaboration of peripheral countries: taking the context into consideration. Scientometrics, 66: 231–240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Landry, R., Amara, N. (1998), The impact of transaction costs on the institutional structuration of collaborative academic research. Research Policy, 27: 901–913.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Landry, R., Traore, N., Godin, B. (1996), An econometric analysis of the effect of collaboration on academic research productivity. Higher Education, 32: 283–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Laudel, G. (2002), Collaboration and reward: what do we measure by co-authorships? Research Evaluation, 11: 3–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lee, S., Bozeman, B. (2005), The impact of research collaboration on scientific productivity. Social Studies of Science, 35: 673–702.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Ma, N., Guan, J. (2005), An exploratory study on collaboration profiles of Chinese publications in molecular biology. Scientometrics, 65: 343–355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. May, R. M. (1997), The scientific wealth of nations. Science, 275: 793–796.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Melin, G. (2000), Pragmatism and self-organization research collaboration on the individual level. Research Policy, 29: 31–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Narvaez-Berthelemot, N., Russel, J. M., Arvanitis, R., Waast, R., Gaillard, J. (2002), Science in Africa: an overview of mainstream scientific output. Scientometrics, 54: 229–241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Newman, M. E. J. (2001), The structure of scientific collaboration networks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 98: 404–409.MATHCrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  28. Newman, M. E. J. (2004), Coauthorship networks and patterns of scientific collaboration. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 101: 5200–5205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Pao, M. L. (1982), Collaboration in computations musicology. Journal of the American Society for Information Sciences, 33: 38–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Pelz, D., Andrews, F. (1966), Scientists in Organizations: Productive Climates of Research and Development. John Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  31. Pouris, A. (2003), South Africa’s research publication record: the last ten years. South African Journal of Science, 99: 425–428.Google Scholar
  32. Price, D. J. D. S. (1963), Little Science, Big Science. Columbia University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  33. Price, D. J. D. S., Beaver, D. (1966), Collaboration in an invisible college. American Psychologist, 21: 1011–1018.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Sooryamoorthy, R., Shrum, W. (2007), Does the internet promote collaboration and productivity? Evidence from the scientific community in South Africa. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 12: 733–751.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Sooryamoorthy, R., Duque, R. B., Ynalvez, M. A., Shrum, W. (2007), Scientific collaboration and the Kerala model: does the internet make a difference? Journal of International Development, 19: 982–996.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Tijssen, R. J. W. (2007), Africa’s contribution to the worldwide research literature: new analytical perspectives, trends, and performance indicators. Scientometrics, 71: 303–327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Wagner, C. S., Leyesdorff, L. (2005), Mapping the network of global science: comparing international coauthorships from 1990 to 2000. International Journal of Technology and Globalization, 1: 185–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Zitt, K, Bassecoulard, E., Okubo, Y. (2000), Shadows of the past in international cooperation: collaboration profiles of the top five producers of science. Scientometrics, 47: 627–657.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Zuckerman, H. (1967), Nobel laureates in science: patterns of productivity, collaboration and authorship. American Sociological Review, 32: 391–403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sociology Programme, Howard CampusUniversity of KwaZulu-NatalDurbanSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations