, Volume 66, Issue 1, pp 219–230 | Cite as

What do university patent routes indicate at regional level?

  • Joaquín M. Azagra-Caro
  • Alfredo Yegros-Yegros
  • Fragiskos Archontakis


We estimate the determinants of university patents by route in Spain. National patents are an indicator of R&D efforts when we focus on the region, but not of how regions organize their university or joint research structure. International patents are a stronger indicator of R&D efforts, so they express confidence in the potential of the patent. Neither set is an indicator of proximity to the region's competencies in technologies other than for production-intensive sectors, so they will not always foster regional technology transfer. Since the driving forces of national and international patents differ, the use of both is recommended.


Technology Transfer Regional Level Driving Force Strong Indicator Joint Research 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Akadémiai Kiadó 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joaquín M. Azagra-Caro
    • 1
  • Alfredo Yegros-Yegros
    • 2
  • Fragiskos Archontakis
    • 3
  1. 1.INGENIO, (CSIC-UPV), Universidad Politécnica de Valencia
  2. 2.INGENIO, (CSIC-UPV), Universidad Politécnica de Valencia
  3. 3.INGENIO, (CSIC-UPV), Universidad Politécnica de Valencia

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