Advertisement

Exploring the impact of R&D on patenting activity in small women-owned and minority-owned entrepreneurial firms

  • Albert N. LinkEmail author
  • Martijn van Hasselt
Article
  • 29 Downloads

Abstract

The relevant economics literature on the impact of R&D on patenting activity falls within two methodological areas of inquiry. The first area might be classified as a test of the Schumpeterian hypothesis. The second and lesser research area might be classified as an estimation of the knowledge production function relationship between R&D and patenting. This paper focuses on estimates of the R&D-to-patenting relationship for a random sample of small, entrepreneurial firms whose research projects were supported through the US Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program. Our paper contributes to the R&D-to-patenting literature in two ways. It examines empirically a unique set of small, entrepreneurial firms funded by the public sector, and it explores the effect of the gender and ethnicity of firm owners on the propensity of their firms to patent from funded research projects.

Keywords

Patenting R&D Entrepreneurship Gender Minorities 

JEL classification

O34 L26 O32 J15 J16 

Notes

References

  1. Audretsch, D. B., & Link, A. N. (2018). Entrepreneurship and knowledge spillovers from the public sector. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11365-018-0538-z.
  2. Audretsch, D. B., & Link, A. N. (2019). Sources of knowledge and entrepreneurial behavior. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.Google Scholar
  3. Audretsch, D. B., Link, A. N., & Scott, J. T. (2018). Frederic M. Scherer: over a half century—and counting—of seminal scholarly contributions. Review of Industrial Organization, 52, 502–508.Google Scholar
  4. Cook, L. D., & Kongcharoen, C. (2010). The idea gap in pink and black. NBER working paper, 16331.Google Scholar
  5. Czarnitzki, D., Kraft, K., & Thorwarth, S. (2009). The knowledge production of ‘R’ and ‘D’. Economics Letters, 105, 141–143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ding, W. W., Murray, F., & Stuart, T. E. (2006). Gender differences in patenting in the academic life sciences. Science, 313, 665–667.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Griliches, Z. (1979). Issues in assessing the contribution of research and development to productivity growth. Bell Journal of Economics, 10, 92–116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hall, B. H., & Harhoff, D. (2012). Recent research on the economics of patents. Annual Review of Economics, 4, 541–565.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hall, B. H., & Ziedonis, R. H. (2001). The patent paradox revisited: an empirical study of patenting in the U.S. semiconductor industry, 1979-1995. RAND Journal of Economics, 32, 101–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hayter, C. S., & Link, A. N. (2018). Why do knowledge-intensive entrepreneurial firms publish their innovative ideas? Academy of Management Perspectives, 32, 141–155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hayter, C. S., Link, A. N., & Scott, J. T. (2018). Public sector entrepreneurship. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 34, 676–694.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hunt, J., J. Garant, H. Herman, and D,J. Munroe (2012). Why don’t women patent? NBER working paper 17888.Google Scholar
  13. Leyden, D. P., & Link, A. N. (2015). Public sector entrepreneurship: U.S. technology and innovation policy. New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Link, A. N. (2015). Capturing knowledge: private gains and public gains from universities research partnerships. Foundations and Trends in Entrepreneurship, 11, 139–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Link, A. N., & Scott, J. T. (2012). Employment growth from public support of innovation in small firms. Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Link, A. N., & Scott, J. T. (2018). Propensity to patent and firm size for small R&D-intensive firms. Review of Industrial Organization, 52, 561–587.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Link, A. N., & Strong, D. R. (2016). Gender and entrepreneurship: an annotated bibliography. Foundations and Trends in Entrepreneurship, 12, 287–441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Link, A. N., Morris, C. A., & van Hasselt, M. (2018). The impact of Public R&D Investments on patenting activity: technology transfer at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Economics of Innovation and New Technology.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10438599.2018.1542772.
  19. Milli, J., Williams-Baron, E., Berlan, M., Xia, J., & Gault, B. (2016). Equity in innovation: women inventors and patents. Institute for Women’s Policy Research Report. Google Scholar
  20. Rosser, S. V. (2009). The gender gap in patenting: is technology transfer a feminist issue? NWSA Journal, 21, 65–84.Google Scholar
  21. Rosser, S. V. (2012). Breaking into the lab: engineering progress for women in science. New York: New York University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Scherer, F. M. (1965). Firm size, market structure, opportunity, and the output of patented inventions. American Economic Review, 55, 1097–1125.Google Scholar
  23. Scherer, F. M. (1983). The propensity to patent. International Journal of Industrial Organization, 1, 107–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Veugelers, R., & Schneider, C. (2018). Which IP strategies do young highly innovative firms choose? Small Business Economics, 50, 113–129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsUniversity of North Carolina at GreensboroGreensboroUSA

Personalised recommendations