Small Business Economics

, Volume 42, Issue 3, pp 445–465 | Cite as

GEM research: achievements and challenges

  • Claudia Álvarez
  • David Urbano
  • José Ernesto Amorós


This article analyzes the content and evolution of research based on the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) project. We conducted a rigorous search of articles published in journals within the Thomson Reuters’ Social Sciences Citation Index® through an exploratory analysis focused on articles using GEM data. The main findings of this study reveal that the institutional approach is the most commonly used conceptual framework. Also, although there are still few academic publications using GEM data, the number of articles is increasing, as are opportunities for future research.


Global entrepreneurship monitor GEM Literature review Institutional approach Social Sciences Citation Index 

JEL classification

L26 B25 M13 O57 



We are grateful to Zoltan Acs, Erkko Autio, Niels Bosma and Jonathan Levie for helpful comments on the earlier drafts. We extend our thankfulness to all members of GEM Consortium. Claudia Álvarez and David Urbano acknowledge the financial support from the Projects ECO2010-16760 (Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation) and 2005SGR00858 (Catalan Government Department for Universities, Research and Information Society.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claudia Álvarez
    • 1
    • 2
  • David Urbano
    • 1
  • José Ernesto Amorós
    • 3
  1. 1.Business Economics DepartmentAutonomous University of BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y AdministrativasUniversidad de MedellínMedellínColombia
  3. 3.School of Business and EconomicsUniversidad del DesarrolloSantiagoChile

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