Small Business Economics

, Volume 42, Issue 3, pp 437–444 | Cite as

Global entrepreneurship and institutions: an introduction

  • Jonathan LevieEmail author
  • Erkko Autio
  • Zoltan Acs
  • Mark Hart


This article is an introduction to the special issue from the 4th Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Research Conference held at Imperial College Business School, London, in 2010. The article has two objectives. The first is to summarize the history of the GEM consortium, some of the contributions that it has delivered, and some challenges and opportunities ahead. The second is to present a summary of the papers in the context of the utility of GEM data in comparative entrepreneurship research.


Entrepreneurship Economic development Institutions Public policy 

JEL Classifications

L26 O1 O2 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonathan Levie
    • 1
    Email author
  • Erkko Autio
    • 2
  • Zoltan Acs
    • 3
  • Mark Hart
    • 4
  1. 1.Hunter Centre for EntrepreneurshipUniversity of StrathclydeGlasgowUK
  2. 2.Imperial College London Business SchoolLondonUK
  3. 3.School of Public PolicyGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA
  4. 4.Aston UniversityBirminghamUK

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